What is the difference in who exercises ‘Executive Power’ in the above two Constitutions of Nepal? Keeping this in mind, why do you think Nepal needs a new Constitution today?

 The difference in who exercises ‘Executive Power’ in the  two Constitutions of Nepal is that in the Constitution of 1990, this power was vested in the King and his Council of Ministers.. But, in the 2007 interim constitution of Nepal, Executive powers were shifted exclusively to the Council of Ministers making Nepal a democracy from being a Monarchy.

Nepal needs a new constitution because it has become democracy and is no linger a monarchy. The earlier constitution gave more powers to the King. Since, the country has opted for democracy, a new constitution is required to reflect the democratic ideals which people wanted to establish and had fought for. So, to achieve the democratic ideals, the constitution framework needs a change.

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Clearly the 2007 Interim constitution reflects the ideals of a democratic nation. The executive powers lies in the hands of council of ministers who will be elected by the citizens of Nepal.


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