why is placenta called a temporary endocrine gland?

its because the placenta only  does its seceretion during pregnancy.placenta just comes up during the pregnancy time thus it is temporery

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  1.   Placenta  is known as temporary endocrine gland because it is formed only during pregnancies and is expelled at the time of PARTURATION.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
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Placenta-temporary endocrine gland formed during pregnancy. It produces, among other hormones, progesterone, which is important in maintaining the pregnancy; somatomammotropin (also known as placental lactogen), which acts to increase the amount of glucose and lipids in the maternal blood; estrogen; relaxin, and beta human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG). This results in increased transfer of these nutrients to the fetus and is also the main cause of the increased blood sugar levels seen in pregnancy.

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placenta is the organ formed when foetal and maternal components fuse.....it is an endocrine gland because it secretes many hormones like the HCG(human chorionic hormone) oxitocin...etc

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Placenta is called as temporary endocrine gland because during th embryonic developement it releases some harmones like Human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) which increases the life of corpus luteum . so that it continue produces projesterone which provides endometrium secretory nature.
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The placenta is a temporary endocrine organ formed during pregnancy, which produces hormones important in the maintenance of a healthy pregnancy and in preparation for labour and breastfeeding.
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