write a short note on northern plan including its geoghical conditions

Dear Student,

The following points may help you with regard to Geographical conditions and features of Northern plains:

a. Northern plains were formed  as a result of  deposition of alluvium in a vast basin lying at the foothills to the south of the Himalayas  from three major river system that is Gaga, Brahmaputra , Indus.
b.  Sediments were also filled by the tributaries of these rivers.
c. The Northern plains with its rich soil cover is the agriculturally most fertile and productive land, contributing to increased food production.
d. The plains has been home to numerous ancient civilisations and has is the centre for human settlement
e. The Alluvial soils , which are spread in the Northern plains, and are marked by high degree of fertility. Such soils are apt for the growth of paddy, sugarcane, wheat etc. 
 Northern plains have very high density of population.

The main divisions of Northern plains as per rivers are:

a. Punjab Plains which includes western part of the region and is formed by river Indus and its tributaries like Staluj, Beas, Ravi, Jhelum, Chenab,
b. Ganga plain- It is the central part and exist between 
 Ghaggar and the Tista rivers
c.Brahmaputra plains covering Brahmaputra river and dominates eastern part of the Northern plain.
The Four main divisions of the Northern Plains are: 
1. The Bhabar belt -  adjacent to the foothills of the Himalayas, lies parallel to Shiwaliks and consists of  pebbles which are carried down by the river streams.  The bhabar is generally narrow about 8-16 km wide.
2.The Terai belt - lies next to the Bhabar region and is composed of newer alluvium. This region is extremely wet, swampy and marshy. It also receives heavy rainfall throughout the year and is populated with a variety of wildlife.
3. The Bangar belt - consists of older alluvium and forms the alluvial terrace of the flood plains. They lie above the flood plains of the rivers and present a terrace like feature.
4. The Khadar belt - They are the newer deposits of the flood plains and lie in lowland areas after the Bangar belt. It is made up of fresh newer alluvium which is deposited by the rivers flowing down the plain. This belt is fertile and ideal for intensive agriculture.



  • 0
What are you looking for?