Board Paper of Class 12-Science 2013 Chemistry (SET 2) - Solutions
(i) All questions are compulsory
(ii) Question numbers 1 to 8 are very short-answer questions and carry 1 mark each.
(iii) Question numbers 9 to 18 are short-answer questions and carry 2 marks each.
(iv) Question numbers 19 to 27 are also short-answer questions and carry 3 marks.
(v) Question numbers 28 to 30 are long-answer questions and carry 5 marks each.
(vi) Use Log Tables, if necessary. Use of calculators is not allowed.
- Question 1
What type of stoichiometric defect is shown by AgCl ?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 2
Write the IUPAC name of
- Question 3
Name the method used for the refining of Nickel metal.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 4
What type of bonding helps in stabilizing the α-helix structure of proteins?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 5
Arrange the following in increasing order of their basic strength in aqueous solution:
CH3.NH2, (CH3)3N, (CH3)2NHVIEW SOLUTION
- Question 6
What inspired N. Bartlett for carrying out reaction between Xe and PtF6?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 7
What happens when ethyl chloride is treated with aqueous KOH ?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 8
Write the structure of 4-chloropentan-2-one.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 9
How will you convert the following?
(i) Propan-2-ol to propanone.
(ii) Phenol to 2, 4, 6 − tribromophenol?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 10
Explain the mechanism of the following reaction:
- Question 11
What is the difference between oil/water (O/W) type and water/oil (W/O) type emulsions? Give an example of each type.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 12
18 g of glucose, C6H12O6 (Molar Mass = 180 g mol−1) is dissolved in 1 kg of water in a sauce pan. At what temperature will this solution boil?
(Kb for water = 0.52 K kg mol−1, boiling point of pure water = 373.15 K)VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 13
The conductivity of 0.20 M solution of KCl at 298 K is 0.025 S cm−1. Calculate its molar conductivity.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 14
Write the dispersed phase and dispersion medium of the following colloidal systems:
What are lyophilic and lyophobic colloids ? Which of these sols can be easily coagulated on the addition of small amounts of electrolytes?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 15
What happens when
(i) PCl5 is heated ?
(ii) H3PO3 is heated ?
Write the reactions involved.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 16
(a) Which metal in the first transition series (3d series) exhibits + 1 oxidation state most frequently and why?
(b) Which of the following cations are coloured in aqueous solutions and why ?
Sc3+, V3+, Ti4+, Mn2+ (At. Nos. Sc = 21, V = 23, Ti = 22, Mn = 25)VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 17
(a) Which of the following ores can be concentrated by froth floatation method and why?
Fe2O3, ZnS, Al2O3
(b) What is the role of silica in the metallurgy of Copper?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 18
(a) Why does p-dichlorobenzene have a higher m.p than its o − and m − isomers?
(b) Why is (±) − Butan-2-ol is optically inactive?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 19
Calculate the emf of the following cell at 298 K:
- Question 20
How would you account for the following?
(i) Transition metals exhibit variable oxidation states.
(ii) Zr (Z = 40) and Hf (Z = 72) have almost identical radii.
(iii) Transition metals and their compounds act as catalyst.
Complete the following chemical equations:
- Question 21
(a) What type of semiconductor is obtained when silicon is doped with boron?
(b) What type of magnetism is shown in the following alignment of magnetic moments?
(c) What type of point defect is produced when AgCl is doped with CdCl2?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 22
Determine the osmotic pressure of a solution prepared by dissolving 2.5 × 10−2 g of K2SO4 in 2L of water at 25°C, assuming that it is completely dissociated.
(R = 0.0821 L atm K−1 mol−1, Molar mass of K2SO4 = 174 g mol−1)VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 23
Write the names and structures of the monomers of the following polymers:
(iii) TeflonVIEW SOLUTION
- Question 24
(a) Which one of the following is a food preservative? (3)
Equanil, Morphine, Sodium benzoate
(b) Why is bithional added to soap?
(c) Which class of drugs is used in sleeping pills?VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 25
After watching a programme on TV about the adverse effects of junk food and soft drinks on the health of school children, Sonali, a student of Class XII, discussed the issue with the school principal. Principal immediately instructed the canteen contractor to replace the fast food with the fibre and vitamins rich food like sprouts, salad, fruits etc. This decision was welcomed by the parents and the students. (3)
After reading the above passage, answer the following questions:
(a) What value are expressed by Sonali and the Principal of the school?
(b) Give two examples of water-soluble vitamins.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 26
Give the structures of A, B and C in the following reactions:
(ii) 233633VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 27
Write the types of isomerism exhibited by the following complexes:
(iii) [Co(NH3)6] [Cr(CN)6]VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 28
(a) Although phenoxide ion has more number of resonating structures than Carboxylate ion, Carboxylic acid is a stronger acid than phenol. Give two reasons.
(b) How will you bring about the following conversions?
(i) Propanone to propane
(ii) Benzoyl chloride to benzaldehyde
(iii) Ethanal to but-2-enal
(a) Complete the following reactions:
(b) Give simple chemical tests to distinguish between the following pairs of compounds:
(i) Ethanal and Propanal
(ii) Benzoic acid and PhenolVIEW SOLUTION
- Question 29
(a) A reaction is second order in A and first order in B.
(i) Write the differential rate equation.
(ii) How is the rate affected on increasing the concentration of A three times?
(iii) How is the rate affected when the concentrations of both A and B are doubled?
(b) A first order reaction takes 40 minutes for 30% decomposition. Calculate t1/2 for this reaction. (Given log 1.428 = 0.1548) (5)
(a) For a first order reaction, show that time required for 99% completion is twice the time required for the completion of 90% of reaction.
(b) Rate constant ‘k’ of a reaction varies with temperature ‘T’ according to the equation:
Where Ea is the activation energy. When a graph is plotted for a straight line with a slope of −4250 K is obtained. Calculate ‘Ea’ for the reaction.
(R = 8.314 JK−1 mol−1)VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 30
(a) Give reasons for the following:
(i) Bond enthalpy of F2 is lower than that of Cl2.
(ii) PH3 has lower boiling point than NH3.
(b) Draw the structures of the following molecules:
(a) Account for the following:
(i) Helium is used in diving apparatus.
(ii) Fluorine does not exhibit positive oxidation state.
(iii) Oxygen shows catenation behavior less than sulphur.
(b) Draw the structures of the following molecules:
(ii) H2S2O8VIEW SOLUTION