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Ecosystem and its components

Ecology and ecosystem are common terms which we often come around. But do you know what these terms mean? D'ont worry lets explore this topic in this section.

Ecology is a branch of science which deals with the study of ecosystems.

Ecosystem includes both living and non-living components of an area. Thus, an ecosystem includes both the biological community and non-living components of an area. Ponds, forests, grasslands, etc. are a few examples of ecosystems.

The living components of an ecosystem are called biotic factors whereas the non living components of an ecosystem are called abiotic factors.

Abiotic and biotic factors

Abiotic factors include light, temperature, water, air, soil, inorganic nutrients, etc. They are the non-living components of any habitat.

  • Sunlight: Source of energy for sustenance of life on earth; required for production of food through photosynthesis
  • Air: Provides oxygen for respiration and carbon dioxide for photosynthesis; act as a medium to disperse seeds and pollens
  • Water: Important constituent of all living cells; act as medium for all the biochemical reactions occurring inside a cell; consumed by plants and animals to sustain life
  • Temperature: Temperature conditions of an area influence the body functions of plants and animals living a…

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