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Umayr Ahmed asked a question
Subject: English, asked on on 21/9/13
Vanshika Singh asked a question
Subject: English, asked on 5 days, 8 hours ago
The musical accomplishments of composer Ludwig van Beethoven have been all the more remarkable for
the fact that he lost his hearing ability from an early age. He developed the symptoms of tinnitus, a constant
sound of ringing in his ears that made it difficult for him to hear. He is compared to Mozart for his genius,
and is considered the most eminent musician after Mozart.
Although his formal education never went beyond the elementary level, he trained in music under Joseph
Haydn. He has always been acclaimed as a brilliant piano maestro. His father and grandfather were the
court musicians of a German prince. Young Ludwig was often made to perform for his father?s drinking
companions in the middle of the night, and was even beaten if he protested.
For the first thirty years of his life, Beethoven could listen to and play music effortlessly. As a result, he
understood sounds of musical instruments and the pitch of the singing voices. He knew the harmony
between music and singing before he became completely deaf. His deafness was not sudden, but a gradual
decline. This slow process of losing his hearing activated his mind to imagine how his compositions would
sound like. When he became completely deaf, he started to observe the vibrations of the piano. The
observations helped him realize that he could not hear the high notes of the piano. To be able to hear his
own compositions, he sawed off the legs of his piano. The piano touched the floor, and Beethoven would
press his ear to the floor, banging the piano keys to listen to the high notes in his compositions.
The most significant aspect of Beethoven?s character was that he did not give up. With a brave heart, he
confronted the greatest challenge a musician can face, and continued living his dream of composing music.
Deafness could not deter him from achieving the pinnacle of musical success. He fought against the
greatest obstacle and won. His quality of ?never giving up? strengthened him. It made him come to terms
with his deafness in a dynamic and constructive way. These qualities led him to become a famous
composer.
On the basis of your reading of the above passage, answer the questions that follow:
(i) What did Beethoven lose at an early age?
a) his eyesight
b) his thinking ability
c) his hearing ability
d) his power to understand
(ii) Till which level did Beethoven receive his formal education?
a) Elementary level
b) Secondary level
c) Primary level
d) Higher Secondary level
(iii) What activated his mind to imagine his various compositions?
a) the slow process of losing his hearing
b) the process of becoming popular
c) inspiration from his father
d) ability to listen and play music effortlessly
(iv)When was he able to observe the vibrations of the piano?
a) began to learn music better
b) became completely deaf
c) was able to hear his own compositions
d) he was unable to play music
(v) Find a word in the passage which means the same as ?publicly praised and celebrated?.
a) accomplishments
b) acclaimed
c) remarkable
d) significant
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Subject: English, asked on on 13/4/18
Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow: (12)
Happiness is like the sun, it is often hidden by the clouds of thoughts, worries and desires.
We have to scatter and dissolve them to experience happiness. You dont have to create
happiness. All you have to do is calm your mind, because when there is a quiet mind and
inner peace, there is happiness. Happiness is not something far away and unattainable.
Happiness does not depend on circumstances or objects. It is an inseparable part of our
consciousness, of our essence, but hidden and covered from sight by our thoughts, desires
and worries. The mind is always in a constant race from one thought to another, from one
worry to another. It constantly moves from one object or task to another, never standing
still. This restlessness hides the happiness that is within you. It is like a choppy sea that
hides the bottom. When the sea gets calm you can see the bottom. In the same way, when
the mind gets quiet, you sense the happiness that is within you.
You cannot see a treasure at the bottom of a stormy and muddy lake, though it is there.
However, when the wind stops, the water becomes still, and the mud sinks, you can see the
treasure. The treasure is there, whether you see it or not. So is happiness. It is always there,
only hidden by thoughts, desires and worries.
You can experience more and more happiness in your life. Only your thoughts stand in the
way of experiencing it. Next time you feel happy, stop for a moment and watch the state of
your mind. You will be surprised to discover that it is calm, and there are almost no
thoughts in your mind. Since the mind is not accustomed to stay in this peaceful state for
long, it soon becomes active again, and the sense of happiness disappears.
Answer the following questions:
(i) What is common between happiness and the sun?
(ii) How can we enjoy moments of happiness in our life?
(iii) How does the restlessness of our mind come in the way of our happiness?
(iv) How can we detect the treasure at the bottom of a stormy and muddy lake?
(v) What is meant by the word, 'hidden' in the passage? (para 2)
(a) shown (b) reviled
(c) rewarded (d) concealed
(vi) What is the synonym of, 'scatter'? (para 1)
(a) differentiate (b) deviate
(c) take (d) disperse
(vii) Give the antonym of the word, 'unattainable', (para 1)
(a) possible (b) achievable
(c) controllable (d) rewarding
(viii) What is the antonym of the word, 'sinks'? (para 2)
(a) flies (b) lifts
(c) emerges (d) floats
Section B
Writing (25 marks)
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