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Although NH2 is ortho & para directing ,nitration of aniline gives meta nitro aniline.

Asked by Shankar_K , on 12/8/11

 in aniline the NH2  group is basic in nature.when in reacts in the presence of acid,  the aniline gets protonated. A -NH3+ group is deactivating and meta-directing when it comes to aromatic electrophillic substitutions, thus yielding m-nitroaniline.

hope this helps.

Posted by Abhimathy(Kendriya vidyalaya,Madurai) on 3/11/11

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