My eldest daughter will get $\frac{1}{2}$ of my camels My second daughter will get $\frac{1}{4}$ of my camels My third daughter will get $\frac{1}{5}$ of my camels

The daughters were really puzzled. "How can I get $\frac{1}{2}$ of the 19 camels?" asked the eldest daughter. "Half of 19 is nine and a half. But we can't cut the camel!" The second daughter said. "That is right. But what will we do now?" asked the third daughter". Just then they saw their aunt coming. The daughters told her their problem. "Show me the will. I have an idea. You take my camel. So you have 20 camels. Now can you divide them as your mother wanted?" the aunt said. "You want half of the camels, don't you? Take 10 camels" she said to the eldest daughter. "Take your share", the aunt told the second daughter. She took one-fourth of the camels and got _________ camels. "You can take one-fifth of the camels", the aunt told the third daughter. She got ________ camels. The daughters were very happy and counted their camels 10+____+____=19. "The one remaining is mine", said the aunt and took her camel away!

Greedy GatekeepersRemember Birbal, the clever minister of King Akbar? (Math-Magic Class IV. page 14) Do you know how he became a minister?

Birbal was then a young boy living in a village. He was very clever and could write poetry.

He thought he would try his luck in the King's court. So he took some of his poems and set off for the city.

When he reached the outer gate of the palace, he was stopped by the gatekeeper. "Hey! Stop there! Where are you going?", shouted the gatekeeper.

"I am a poet. I want to see King Akbar and show my poems to him", replied the poet.

"Oh, you are a poet! The king is kind, he will surely give you a prize. I will let you in if you give me $\frac{\mathbf{1}}{\mathbf{10}}$ of your prize".

Young Birbal agreed since he had no other way.

When he went in, the gatekeeper calculated "If he gets 100 gold coins I will get _________ gold coins".

The poet came to a second gatekeeper.

This gatekeeper also said, "I will let you in if you give me

two-fifthof your prize". The poet agreed.The gatekeeper happily calculated, "The poet will get at least 100 gold coins so I will get ___________ gold coins!"

The poet reached the last gate. The gatekeeper said, "I will allow you to see the king only if you give me

halfof the prize that you get". The poet had no other way. He agreed and went inside.The gatekeeper thought, "Today is a great day. If he gets 100 gold coins I will get __________ gold coins. But if he gets 1000 coins ― wow! I will get ____________".

The king was very happy with the poems and said, "Your work is very good. You can ask anything as your prize".

"My Lord, I want 100 slaps". "What! 100 slaps? ___________". The king was shocked ―

• What happened after that? Complete the story. What part of the prize did the poet get?

Look at the yellow price list.

(a) How much does 2 kg of tomato cost?

(b) How much does $\frac{1}{2}$ kg of tomato cost?

(c) Kiran wants $2\frac{1}{2}$ kg of tomato. How much will it cost?

(d) How much does $3\frac{1}{2}$ kg potato cost?

(e) What is the price of $1\frac{1}{4}$ kg of carrot?

(f) He bought a gourd of weight $4\frac{3}{4}$ kg and it costs _________

(g) Look at the shopping list in Keerti's hand. How much will she have to pay to buy all of these?

(h) Make a bill of your own for vegetables you want to buy. Find the total money you will have to pay.

ItemPrice in Rs(per kg)

AmountTotal(a) $\frac{2}{8}\mathrm{red},\frac{1}{2}\mathrm{yellow},\frac{1}{4}\mathrm{green}$

(b) $\frac{3}{16}\mathrm{blue},\frac{5}{16}\mathrm{red},\frac{1}{2}\mathrm{yellow}$

(1) Which vegetable grows in the biggest part of his field? What part?

(2) On what part of the field does he grow potatoes?

(3) What part of the field is used to grow spinach? What part is used for brinjals?

(4) Now you write some questions by looking at this picture.

Chocolate bar• Manju had a chocolate. She gave one-fourth of it to Raji, one-third to Sugatha and one-sixth to Sheela. She ate the remaining part. How many pieces of chocolate did each get?

• What part of the chocolate did Manju eat?

An Old Woman's WillOnce there lived an old woman. She lived with her three daughters. She was quite rich and had 19 camels. One day she fell ill. The daughters called the doctor. The doctor tried his best but could not save the woman. After her death, the daughters read what she had written in her will.

My eldest daughter will get $\frac{1}{2}$ of my camelsMy second daughter will get $\frac{1}{4}$ of my camels

My third daughter will get $\frac{1}{5}$ of my camels

"Half of 19 is nine and a half. But we can't cut the camel!" The second daughter said.

"That is right. But what will we do now?" asked the third daughter".

Just then they saw their aunt coming. The daughters told her their problem.

"Show me the will. I have an idea. You take my camel. So you have 20 camels. Now can you divide them as your mother wanted?" the aunt said.

"You want half of the camels, don't you? Take 10 camels" she said to the eldest daughter.

"Take your share", the aunt told the second daughter. She took one-fourth of the camels and got _________ camels.

"You can take one-fifth of the camels", the aunt told the third daughter. She got ________ camels. The daughters were very happy and counted their camels 10+____+____=19.

"The one remaining is mine", said the aunt and took her camel away!

• How did this happen? Discuss.

Colour the hatsColour $\frac{1}{3}$ of the hats red.

Colour three-fifth hats blue.

How many hats did you colour red?

How many hats did you colour blue?

What part of the hats are not coloured?

• How many potatoes and tomatoes did Nancy get?

(a) $\frac{1}{2}\mathrm{blue},\frac{1}{2}\mathrm{white}?$

(b) $\frac{2}{4}\mathrm{blue},\frac{2}{4}\mathrm{white}?$

(c) $\frac{3}{8}\mathrm{blue},\frac{5}{8}\mathrm{white}?$

(d) $\frac{4}{8}\mathrm{blue},\frac{4}{8}\mathrm{white}?$

Mark (✕) on the wrong answer.

First guess the answer, then check.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

Arun's Time TableSleeping: One third of a day

Use different colours to show

Playing: One eight of a day

Studying: $\frac{1}{4}$ of a day

How many hours does Arun take for

Sleeping? hours

Studying? hours

Playing? hours

What part of the day does he use for other activities?

Raheem's journeyRaheem has to travel $1\frac{1}{4}$ km to reach school. What distance does he travel to go to school and come back home?

Divide it into three equal parts and complete the flag.

The top one - third of our flag is saffron (or orange).

What is the colour of the middle one - third of the flag?

Where will you draw the Ashoka chakra?

How much of the flag will you colour green?

At the railway station(a) What time is the train expected to come today?

(b) Nazia gets off at a station after $2\frac{1}{2}$ hours from this station. What time will she get off?

(c) Shaji will take 5 hours to reach Ernakulam by this train. At what time will he reach there?

PatternsLook at this square.

What part is coloured blue?

What part is green?

The Card Puzzle(1)Divide the white area in square A into two equal parts.Got the answer? Was that easy?

Now do the second question.

(2)Divide the white area in square B into three equal parts!That too is easy, isn't it?

Now see the third question.

(3)Divide the white area in square C into four equal parts!!Is it a bit difficult? Don't worry, take your time.

Only if you have given up, look for the answer.

Here comes the last question.

(4) Divide the white area in square D into seven equal parts!!!!The world record for this is 7 seconds. But you can take minutes!

Tired of thinking? Look for the answer on page 68.

So was that difficult??

Coloured PartsComplete these

(1)

This circle is divided into two equal parts. Out of _________ equal parts one part is coloured blue.

(2)

Here the circle is divided into _________ equal parts. Out of ________ equal parts, ________ parts are coloured blue.

(3)

Here the circle is .............................................

(4)

Here the circle is .............................................

This is the flag of Myanmar, our neighbour.

Is blue more than one-fourth of the flag or less?

Guess how much of the flag is red. Is it more than $\frac{1}{2}$? Is it more than three-fourths?