what is the difference between partial hydrolysis and complete hydrolysis?

Hydrolysis refers to the  addition of water to a molecule resulting in breaking of the molecule.

If the hydrolysis of any molecule take place in limited amount of water , it is known as partial hydrolysis and the hydrolysis in proper amount of water is called complete hydrolysis.

Both partial and complete hydrolysis result in the formation of different products.

For example..

  • Complete hydrolysis of XeF4 and XeF6 with water gives XeO3.

 

  • Partial hydrolysis of XeF6 gives XeOF4 and XeO2F2 (oxyfluorides).


 

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hydrolysis means reaction of a subsatnce with water. In partial hydrolysis water acts as an limiting reagent and it is available at small amount so only part of atoms in subsatnce react with water. e.g, when we partially hydrolyse R-CN we get R-CONH2 .but when we completele hydrolyse R-CN water is in excess amount and it forms R-COOH i.e all atoms of substance reacts with water. i think u can find the diff.

hope it helps :)

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