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# Board Paper of Class 12-Humanities 2016 Maths (SET 3) - Solutions

General Instructions :
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Please check that this Question Paper contains 26 Questions.
(iii) Marks for each question are indicated against it.
(iv) Questions 1 to 6 in Section-A are Very Short Answer Type Questions carrying one mark each.
(v) Questions 7 to 19 in Section-B are Long Answer I Type Questions carrying 4 marks each.
(vi) Questions 20 to 26 in Section-C are Long Answer II Type Questions carrying 6 marks each.
(vii) Please write down the serial number of the Question before attempting it.
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• Question 1
The two vectors represent the two sides AB and AC, respectively of a ∆ABC. Find the length of the median through A. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 2
Find the vector equation of a plane which is at a distance of 5 units from the origin and its normal vector is $2\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{i}}-3\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{j}}+6\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{k}}$. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 4
If A is a square matrix such that A2 = I, then find the simplified value of (A – I)3 + (A + I)3 – 7A. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 5
Matrix A = is given to be symmetric, find values of a and b. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 6
Find the position vector of a point which divides the join of points with position vectors externally in the ratio 2 : 1. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 7
Find the general solution of the following differential equation :
VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 8
Show that the vectors are coplanar if are coplanar. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 9
Find the vector and Cartesian equations of the line through the point (1, 2, −4) and perpendicular to the two lines.

$\stackrel{\to }{\mathrm{r}}=\left(8\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{i}}-19\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{j}}+10\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{k}}\right)+\lambda \left(3\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{i}}-16\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{j}}+7\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{k}}\right)$ and $\stackrel{\to }{\mathrm{r}}=\left(15\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{i}}+29\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{j}}+5\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{k}}\right)+\mathrm{\mu }\left(3\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{i}}+8\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{j}}-5\stackrel{^}{\mathrm{k}}\right)$. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 10
Three persons A, B and C apply for a job of Manager in a Private Company. Chances of their selection (A, B and C) are in the ratio 1 : 2 :4. The probabilities that A, B and C can introduce changes to improve profits of the company are 0.8, 0.5 and 0.3, respectively. If the change does not take place, find the probability that it is due to the appointment of C.
OR

A and B throw a pair of dice alternately. A wins the game if he gets a total of 7 and B wins the game if he gets a total of 10. If A starts the game, then find the probability that B wins. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 11
Prove that:

${\mathrm{tan}}^{-1}\frac{1}{5}+{\mathrm{tan}}^{-1}\frac{1}{7}+{\mathrm{tan}}^{-1}\frac{1}{3}+{\mathrm{tan}}^{-1}\frac{1}{8}=\frac{\mathrm{\pi }}{4}$

OR

Solve for x:

VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 12
The monthly incomes of Aryan and Babban are in the ratio 3 : 4 and their monthly expenditures are in the ratio 5 : 7. If each saves Rs 15,000 per month, find their monthly incomes using matrix method. This problem reflects which value? VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 13
If x = a sin 2t (1 + cos 2t) and y = b cos 2t (1 – cos 2t), find the values of $\frac{dy}{dx}$ at $\mathrm{t}=\frac{\mathrm{\pi }}{4}$ and $\mathrm{t}=\frac{\mathrm{\pi }}{3}.$

OR

If y = xx, prove that $\frac{{\mathrm{d}}^{2}y}{\mathrm{d}{x}^{2}}-\frac{1}{y}{\left(\frac{\mathrm{d}y}{\mathrm{d}x}\right)}^{2}-\frac{y}{x}=0.$ VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 14
Find the values of p and q for which

is continuous at x = π/2. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 15
Show that the equation of normal at any point t on the curve x = 3 cos t – cos3t and y = 3 sin t – sin3t is

4 (y cos3t – sin3t) = 3 sin 4t. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 16
Find .

OR

Evaluate VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 17
Find $\int \frac{\sqrt{x}}{\sqrt{{a}^{3}-{x}^{3}}}dx$. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 19
Find the particular solution of the differential equation
(1 – y2) (1 + log x) dx + 2xy dy = 0, given that y = 0 when x = 1. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 20
Find the coordinate of the point P where the line through A(3, –4, –5) and B(2, –3, 1) crosses the plane passing through three points L(2, 2, 1), M(3, 0, 1) and N(4, –1, 0).
Also, find the ratio in which P divides the line segment AB. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 21
An urn contains 3 white and 6 red balls. Four balls are drawn one by one with replacement from the urn. Find the probability distribution of the number of red balls drawn. Also find mean and variance of the distribution. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 22
A manufacturer produces two products A and B. Both the products are processed on two different machines. The available capacity of first machine is 12 hours and that of second machine is 9 hours per day. Each unit of product A requires 3 hours on both machines and each unit of product B requires 2 hours on first machine and 1 hour on second machine. Each unit of product A is sold at Rs 7 profit and  B at a profit of Rs 4. Find the production level per day for maximum profit graphically. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 23
Let  be a function defined as $f\left(x\right)=9{x}^{2}+6x-5$. Show that , where S is the range of f, is invertible. Find the inverse of f and hence find . VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 24
Prove that $\left|\begin{array}{ccc}yz-{x}^{2}& zx-{y}^{2}& xy-{z}^{2}\\ zx-{y}^{2}& xy-{z}^{2}& yz-{x}^{2}\\ xy-{z}^{2}& yz-{x}^{2}& zx-{y}^{2}\end{array}\right|$ is divisible by (x + y + z) and hence find the quotient.

OR

Using elementary transformations, find the inverse of the matrix $\mathrm{A}=\left(\begin{array}{ccc}8& 4& 3\\ 2& 1& 1\\ 1& 2& 2\end{array}\right)$ and use it to solve the following system of linear equations :

8x + 4y + 3z = 19

2xyz = 5

x + 2y + 2z = 7 VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 25
Show that the altitude of the right circular cone of maximum volume that can be inscribed in a sphere of radius r is $\frac{4\mathrm{r}}{3}.$ Also find maximum volume in terms of volume of the sphere.

OR

Find the intervals in which f(x) = sin 3x – cos 3x, 0 < x < π, is strictly increasing or strictly decreasing. VIEW SOLUTION
• Question 26
Using integration find the area of the region . VIEW SOLUTION
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