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Board Paper of Class 10 2012 Maths (SET 3) - Solutions

General instructions:
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. The question paper consists of 34 questions divided into four sections A, B, C and
D.
3. Section A contains 10 questions of 1 mark each, which are multiple choices type
questions, Section B contains 8 questions of 2 marks each, Section C contains 10
questions of 3 marks each, Section D contains 6 questions of 4 marks each.
4. There is no overall choice in the paper. However, internal choice is provided in one
question of 2 marks, 3 questions of 3 marks each and two questions of 4 marks each.
5. Use of calculators is not permitted.
  • Question 1

    The length of shadow of a tower on the plane ground is times the height of the tower.

    The angle of elevation of sun is:

     

    A. 45°

    B. 30°

    C. 60°

    D. 90°

     

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 2

    If the area of a circle is equal to sum of the areas of two circles of diameters 10 cm and 24 cm, then the diameter of the larger circle (in cm) is:

     

    A. 34

    B. 26

    C. 17

    D. 14

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 3

    If the radius of the base of a right circular cylinder is halved, keeping the height the same, then the ratio of the volume of the cylinder thus obtained to the volume of original cylinder is:

    A. 1 : 2

    B. 2 : 1

    C. 1 : 4

    D. 4 : 1

     

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 4

    Two dice are thrown together. The probability of getting the same number on both dice is:

     

    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

     

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 5

    The coordinates of the point P dividing the line segment joining the points A (1, 3) and B (4, 6) in the ratio 2 : 1 are:

     

    A. (2, 4)

    B. (3, 5)

    C. (4, 2)

    D. (5, 3)

     

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 6

    If the coordinates of one end of a diameter of a circle are (2, 3) and the coordinates of its centre are (−2, 5), then the coordinates of the other end of the diameter are:

     

    A. (−6, 7)

    B. (6, −7)

    C. (6, 7)

    D. (−6, −7)

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 7

    The sum of first 20 odd natural numbers is:

     

    A. 100

    B. 210

    C. 400

    D. 420

     

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 8

    If 1 is a root of the equations ay2 + ay + 3 = 0 and y2 + y + b = 0 then ab equals:

     

    A. 3

    B.

    C. 6

    D. −3

     

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 9

    In Fig. 1, the sides AB, BC and CA of a triangle ABC, touch a circle at P, Q and R respectively. If PA = 4 cm, BP = 3 cm and AC = 11 cm, then the length of BC (in cm) is:

     

    A. 11

    B. 10

    C. 14

    D. 15

     

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 10

    In Fig 2, a circle touches the side DF of ΔEDF at H and touches ED and EF produced at

    K and M respectively. If EK = 9 cm, then the perimeter of ΔEDF (in cm) is:

     

    A. 18

    B. 13.5

    C. 12

    D. 9

     

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 11

    If a point A (0, 2) is equidistant from the points B (3, p) and C (p, 5), then find the value of p.

     

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  • Question 12

    A number is selected at random from first 50 natural numbers. Find the probability that it is a multiple of 3 and 4.

     

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  • Question 13

    The volume of a hemisphere is . Find its curved surface area.

     

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  • Question 14

    Tangents PA and PB are drawn from an external point P to two concentric circles with centre O and radii 8 cm and 5 cm respectively, as shown in Fig. 3. If AP = 15 cm, then find the length of BP.

     

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 15

    In Fig. 4, an isosceles triangle ABC, with AB = AC, circumscribes a circle. Prove that the point of contact P bisects the base BC.

    OR

     

    In Fig. 5, the chord AB of the larger of the two concentric circles, with centre O, touches the smaller circle at C. Prove that AC = CB.

     

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  • Question 16

    In Fig. 6, OABC is a square of side 7 cm. If OAPC is a quadrant of a circle with centre O, then find the area of the shaded region.

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 17

    Find the sum of all three digit natural numbers, which are multiples of 7.

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 18

    Find the value(s) of k so that the quadratic equation 3x2 − 2kx + 12 = 0 has equal roots.

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 19

    A point P divides the line segment joining the points A (3, −5) and B (−4, 8) such that

    . If P lies on the line x + y = 0, then find the value of K.

     

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 20

    If the vertices of a triangle are (1, −3), (4, p) and (−9, 7) and its area is 15 sq. units, find the value(s) of p.

     

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  • Question 21

    Prove that the parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a rhombus.

    OR

    Prove that opposite sides of a quadrilateral circumscribing a circle subtend supplementary angles at the centre of the circle.

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 22

    From a solid cylinder of height 7 cm and base diameter 12 cm, a conical cavity of same height and same base diameter is hollowed out. Find the total surface area of the remaining solid.

    OR

    A cylindrical bucket, 32 cm high and with radius of base 18 cm, is filled with sand. This bucket is emptied on the ground and a conical heap of sand is formed. If the height of the conical heap is 24 cm, then find the radius and slant height of the heap.

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 23

    In Fig. 7, PQ and AB are respectively the arcs of two concentric circles of radii 7 cm and

    3.5 cm and centre O. If ∠POQ = 30°, then find the area of the shaded region.

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 24

    Solve for x: 4x2 − 4ax + (a2b2) = 0

    OR

     

    Solve for x:

     

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 25

    A kite is flying at a height of 45 m above the ground. The string attached to the kite is temporarily tied to a point on the ground. The inclination of the string with the ground is

    60°. Find the length of the string assuming that there is no slack in the string.

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 26

    Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 6 cm, ∠C = 30° and ∠A = 105°. Then construct another triangle whose sides are times the corresponding sides of ΔABC.

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 27

    The 16th term of an AP is 1 more than twice its 8th term. If the 12th term of the AP is 47, then find its nth term.

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 28

    A card is drawn from a well shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of getting (i) a king of red colour (ii) a face card (iii) the queen of diamonds.

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 29

    A bucket is in the form of a frustum of a cone and it can hold 28.49 litres of water. If the radii of its circular ends are 28 cm and 21 cm, find the height of the bucket.

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 30

    The angle of elevation of the top of a hill at the foot of a tower is 60° and the angle of depression from the top of the tower to the foot of the hill is 30°. If the tower is 50 m high, find the height of the hill.

     

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 31

    Prove that the tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.

    OR

    A quadrilateral ABCD is drawn to circumscribe a circle. Prove that AB + CD = AD + BC.

     

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  • Question 32

    A shopkeeper buys some books for Rs 80. If he had bought 4 more books for the same amount, each book would have cost Rs 1 less. Find the number of books he bought.

    OR

    The sum of two numbers is 9 and the sum of their reciprocals is. Find the numbers.

     

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  • Question 33

    Sum of the first 20 terms of an AP is −240, and its first term is 7. Find its 24th term.

    VIEW SOLUTION
  • Question 34

    A solid is in the shape of a cone standing on a hemisphere with both their radii being equal to 7 cm and the height of the cone is equal to its diameter. Find the volume of the solid.

    VIEW SOLUTION
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