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# Board Paper of Class 10 2015 Maths (SET 1) - Solutions

General Instructions :
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) The question paper consists of 31 questions divided into four sections – A, B, C and D.
(iii) Section A contains 4 questions of 1 mark each, Section B contains 6 questions of 2 marks each, Section C contains 10 questions of 3 marks each and Section D contains 11 questions of 4 marks each.
(iv) Use of calculated is not permitted.

• Question 2
A pole casts a shadow of length $2\sqrt{3}$ m on the ground, when the sun's elevation is 60°. Find the height of the pole. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 3
A game of chance consists of spinning an arrow which comes to rest pointing at one of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and these are equally likely outcomes. Find the probability that the arrow will point at any factor of 8. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 4
Two concentric circles of radii a and b (a > b) are given. Find the length of the chord of the larger circle which touches the smaller circle. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 5
In figure 1, O is the centre of a circle. PT and PQ are tangents to the circle from an external point P. If ∠TPQ = 70°, find ∠TRQ. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 6
In Figure 2, PQ is a chord of length 8 cm of a circle of radius 5 cm. The tangents at P and Q intersect at a point T. Find the lengths of TP and TQ. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 8
The fourth term of an A.P. is 11. The sum of the fifth and seventh terms of the A.P. is 34. Find its common difference. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 9
Show that the points (a, a), (–a, –a) and are the vertices of an equilateral triangle. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 10
For what values of k are the points (8, 1), (3, –2k) and (k, –5) collinear ? VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 11
Point A lies on the line segment PQ joining P(6, –6) and Q(–4, –1) in such a way that $\frac{\mathrm{PA}}{\mathrm{PQ}}=\frac{2}{5}.$ If point P also lies on the line 3x + k (y + 1) = 0, find the value of k. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 12
Solve for x :
x2 + 5x − (a2 + a − 6) = 0 VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 13
In an A.P., if the 12th term is −13 and the sum of its first four terms is 24, find the sum of its first ten terms. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 14
A bag contains 18 balls out of which x balls are red.

(i) If one ball is drawn at random from the bag, what is the probability that it is not red?
(ii) If 2 more red balls are put in the bag, the probability of drawing a red ball will be $\frac{9}{8}$ times the probability of drawing a red ball in the first case. Find the value of x. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 15
From the top of a tower of height 50 m, the angles of depression of the top and bottom of a pole are 30° and 45° respectively. Find
(i) how far the pole is from the bottom of a tower,
(ii) the height of the pole. (Use $\sqrt{3}=1.732$) VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 16
The long and short hands of a clock are 6 cm and 4 cm long respectively. Find the sum of the distances travelled by their tips in 24 hours. (Use π = 3.14) VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 17
Two spheres of same metal weigh 1 kg and 7 kg. The radius of the smaller sphere is 3 cm. The two spheres are melted to form a single big sphere. Find the diameter of the new sphere. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 18
A metallic cylinder has radius 3 cm and height 5 cm. To reduce its weight, a conical hole is drilled in the cylinder. The conical hole has a radius of $\frac{3}{2}$ cm and its depth is $\frac{8}{9}$ cm. Calculate the ratio of the volume of metal left in the cylinder to the volume of metal taken out in conical shape. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 19
In Figure 3, ABCD is a trapezium with AB || DC, AB = 18 cm, DC = 32 cm and the distance between AB and DC is 14 cm. If arcs of equal radii 7 cm have been drawn, with centres A,B, C  and D, then find the area of the shaded region. Figure 3 VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 20

A solid right-circular cone of height 60 cm and radius 30 cm is dropped in a right-circular cylinder full of water of height 180 cm and radius 60 cm. Find the volume of water left in the cylinder, in cubic metres.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 21
If x = −2 is a root of the equation 3x2 + 7x + p = 0, find the values of k so that the roots of the equation x2 + k(4x + k − 1) + p = 0 are equal. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 22
Find the middle term of the sequence formed by all three-digit numbers which leave a remainder 3, when divided by 4. Also find the sum of all numbers on both sides of the middle term separately. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 23
The total cost of a certain length of a piece of cloth is Rs 200. If the piece was 5 m longer and each metre of cloth costs Rs 2 less, the cost of the piece would have remained unchanged. How long is the piece and what is its original rate per metre ? VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 24
Prove that the tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 25
In Figure 4, O is the centre of the circle and TP is the tangent to the circle from an external point T. If ∠PBT = 30°, prove that BA : AT = 2 : 1. Figure 4
VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 26
Draw a circle of radius 3 cm. From a point P, 7 cm away from its centre draw two tangents to the circle. Measure the length of each tangent. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 27
Two poles of equal heights are standing opposite to each other on either side of the road which is 80 m wide. From a point P between them on the road, the angle of elevation of the top of a pole is 60° and the angle of depression from the top of another pole at point P is 30°. Find the heights of the poles and the distances of the point P from the poles. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 28

A box contains cards bearing numbers from 6 to 70. If one card is drawn at random from the box, find the probability that it bears

(i) a one digit number.

(ii) a number divisible by 5.

(iii) an odd number less than 30.

(iv) a composite number between 50 and 70.

VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 29
The base BC of an equilateral triangle ABC lies on y-axis. The coordinates of point C are (0, −3). The origin is the mid-point of the base. Find the coordinates of the points A and B. Also find the coordinates of another point D such that BACD is a rhombus. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 30
A vessel full of water is in the form of an inverted cone of height 8 cm and the radius of its top, which is open, is 5 cm. 100 spherical lead balls are dropped into the vessel. One-fourth of the water flows out of the vessel. Find the radius of a spherical ball. VIEW SOLUTION

• Question 31
Milk in a container, which is in the form of a frustum of a cone of height 30 cm and the radii of whose lower and upper circular ends are 20 cm and 40 cm respectively, is to be distributed in a camp for flood victims. If this milk is available at the rate of Rs 35 per litre and 880 litres of milk is needed daily for a camp, find how many such containers of milk are needed for a camp and what cost will it put on the donor agency for this. What value is indicated through this by the donor agency ? VIEW SOLUTION
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