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Page No 226:

Question C.1:

'Whenever our nation faces a threat, or some major calamity happens, don't we all stand together with a sense of emotional oneness to fight against evil forces and unnatural situations?' In groups of six, research on the occasions when 'India' came together (e.g. tsumani, earthquake at Bhuj, Ladakh flash floods, Mumbai Blasts)

Make a PowerPoint presentation of about 5-7 minutes. You can collect information by surfing the net and through other sources like books, magazines and newspapers. Focus on: Rescue, Relief, Rehabilitation, interview with victims and volunteers, united we serve. Alternatively, prepare a creative presentation (charts, collage etc). Each member will take turn to speak on a particular aspect of the given topic.

Answer:

This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, some pointers for discussion have been provided for your reference.

  • The Cloudburst and Flashflood−worst natural disaster in the history of Ladakh;
  • Lot of villages had been swept away by what turned out to be a nightmare of flash floods with so many lives lost in minutes.
  • More than 200 people died, more than 800 people are still missing with over 500 injured and the aftermath has left many children orphaned and homeless.

  • Those who were caught in the eye of this storm had no chance of survival. Many lives were taken, immeasurable damage was done where entire villages (current figure is 20 villages effected) were decimated, and survivors displaced to live in emergency relief sites around Leh.

  • Actor Aamir Khan had come forward to lend a helping hand. Rancho, as he was popularly known in his blockbuster 3 Idiots, spoke to Headlines Today at large as he headed for the flood-ravaged Leh. He talked about the school, where part of the film was shot with Aamir playing the role of a genius student-friendly teacher, and its students. The actor said he was shocked and distressed to hear about the damage to Druk Pema School (also known as Druk White Lotus School). He was received at the airport by the students of Druk Pema.

  • The people who had survived and those able to help did not catastrophise over the situation. What they did do was bring love and compassion into action through helping fellow Ladakhis in a practical sense; clean out their homes packed full of mud, make them food, bring them clothes and essential medicines. Together they started to salvage and care for life that remained.



Page No 229:

Question C.5:

Now write your own film review on 'Chak de India', 'Lagaan', or 'Mother India'.

The teacher could arrange for the screening of the film if need be.

The class could also decide on any other regional film that portrays the spirit of National Integration.

Highlight the aspect of national integration that has been portrayed in the film.

Answer:

This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, some pointers for discussion have been provided for your reference.

  • Lagaan, a 2001 sports-themed Indian Bollywood film written and directed by Ashutosh Gowariker, has added radiance into the genre of film-making in Bollywood. It’s a four-hour movie which would keep you engrossed. Lagaan is lavish, rousing entertainment in the old-fashioned tradition of Hollywood musicals.

  • Lagaan is a perfect example of complete film, a classy entertainer, with superior technical execution

  • It is a movie about common men, led by a strong-minded individual to overcome resistance and differences in opinion - and standing their ground for a cause against a powerful opposition.

  • This is the story about the resilience shown by the Indians when they were under the British Rule. They are already taxed to the bone by the British and their cronies, but when Jack Russell announces that he will double the Lagaan (tax) from all villagers, they decide to oppose it. Leading the villagers is a handsome young man named Bhuvan, who challenges them to a game of cricket, a game that is to be played by veteran British cricket players, versus villagers, including Bhuvan himself, who have never played this game before, and do not even know a bat from a piece of wood. As the challenge is accepted, the interest grows and attracts Indians from all over the region, as well as the British from all over the country - as everyone gathers to see the 'fair play' that the British will display against their counter-parts, who are aided by none other than the sister, Elizabeth, of Captain Rusell.

  • Lagaan received a stupendous response. Mixed response from people belonging to Punjab, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, etc.

  • Main Characters:

    • Aamir Khan as Bhuvan (Carpenter, Captain and All-rounder).

    • Gracy Singh as Gauri. Ashutosh selected Gracy Singh for the female lead because he was convinced that she was a good actress and dancer. Singh, a newcomer, devoted all her time to the film.

    • Rachel Shelley as Elizabeth Russell.

    • Paul Blackthorne as Captain Andrew Russell. Since the script also demanded a British cast, Ashutosh and Aamir hired Danielle Roffe as one of the casting directors. After Danielle and Ashutosh screen-tested many, Rachel Shelley and Paul Blackthorne were chosen for the prime roles. Overall, the film cast 15 foreign actors.

  • The movie is worth watching with all the comedy as well as seriousness involved.

  • The theme of the movie is man's control over his own destiny, which is also a very different theme from other Indian movies. A cross-cultural love element further emphasizes that it's man's character and values, not his origin or ethnicity, that is important. Not only does the plot itself, in action, dramatize this theme, but it is made explicit in many of the speeches.



Page No 230:

Question C.6:

Working in groups of four, discuss the ways in which the following have integrated India:

1. Music - Jai Ho / Vande Mataram

2. Food - North Indian / South Indian

3. Fashion - Salwar kamees / lehengas / Achkan / Dhoti Kurta

4. Occupation and trade - Job opportunities

5. Relationships / Marriage

Answer:

This question is to be answered on the basis of your own understanding, experience and thoughts. It is strongly recommended that you prepare the solution on your own. However, some pointers for discussion have been provided for your reference.

  • The song Vande Mataram by Bankimchandra Chatterji goes like this: sujalam suphalam malayaja sheetalam/ shasyashyaamalam maataram, vande maataram which can be translated as:

Mother, I bow to thee!
Rich with thy hurrying streams,
bright with orchard gleams,
Cool with thy winds of delight,
Dark fields waving Mother of might,
Mother free.

  • Indian food has gained admiration in the international field because of its subtle and sophisticated cooking method. The use of various spices adds flavour and a different aura. The food cooked in the country uses minimum fat and low heat is used so that the natural oils are brought out and maintains the natural aroma. Moreover, Indian culinary can be traced as a `fusion food`.

  • Women's clothing in India varies widely and is closely related to local culture, religion and climate. The shalwar kameez is the most popular traditional dress for females. A saree or sari is a female garment in the Indian subcontinent. A sari is a strip of unstitched cloth, ranging from four to nine metres in length that is draped over the body in various styles.

  • With a rapidly growing economy that has successfully withstood the global recession coupled with a bull run of the Indian stock markets, there are so many job opportunities in India. The steady growth in Indian economy has fueled demand for qualified professionals practically in all industrial sectors of the country.

  • Cross cultural marriages are rapidly gaining a conventional form in a secular country like India where people move out of their domicile state and look for job opportunities. This usually leads to befriending and ultimately, to marriages between people belonging to two completely different regions or religions.



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