Sandeep Garg 2018 Solutions for Class 11 Commerce Economics Chapter 3 Diagrammatic Presentation are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These solutions for Diagrammatic Presentation are extremely popular among Class 11 Commerce students for Economics Diagrammatic Presentation Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Sandeep Garg 2018 Book of Class 11 Commerce Economics Chapter 3 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the ad-free experience on Meritnation’s Sandeep Garg 2018 Solutions. All Sandeep Garg 2018 Solutions for class Class 11 Commerce Economics are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.
Page No 6.23:
Question 1:
From the following data relating to cement production of a factory (2011-16), prepare a simple bar diagram.
Year | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 |
Production (in M. Tonnes | 125 | 175 | 260 | 310 | 450 | 520 |
Answer:
The given data can be presented in the form of a simple bar diagram as follows.
Page No 6.23:
Question 2:
Average wages of some frirms are given below. Represent this by Simple Bar Diagram.
Firms | A | B | C | D | E |
Average Wages (₹) | 2,725 | 3,250 | 3,750 | 4,680 | 5,320 |
Answer:
Simple Bar Diagram
Page No 6.23:
Question 3:
Present the following data by multiple bar diagram.
Year | B.Com. (H) | Eco. (H) | B. Com.(P) |
2014-15 | 420 | 200 | 140 |
2015-16 | 320 | 240 | 300 |
2016-17 | 380 | 360 | 480 |
Answer:
Multiple Bar Diagram
Page No 6.23:
Question 4:
Represent the following data with the help of sub-divided bar diagram:
Year | Production (in '000 tonnes) | ||
Wheat | Rice | Cotton | |
2014 | 35 | 22 | 10 |
2015 | 15 | 25 | 16 |
2016 | 40 | 12 | 20 |
Answer:
Year | Production (in '000 tonnes) | Total | ||
Wheat | Rice | Cotton | ||
2014 2015 2016 |
35 15 40 |
22 25 12 |
10 16 20 |
67 56 72 |
Page No 6.23:
Question 5:
Represent the data relating to the cost of production in a factory by means of percentage diagram:
Element of Cost (in '000 tonnes |
Items | ||
A | B | C | |
Raw Materials | 75 | 55 | 60 |
Wages | 45 | 30 | 25 |
Factory overheads | 15 | 10 | 30 |
Office overheads | 5 | 15 | 5 |
Answer:
Element of cost | Firm A |
Percentage(%) Cost |
Firm B |
Percentage(%) Cost |
Firm C |
Percentage(%) Cost |
Raw material Wages Factory overhead Office overhead |
75 45 15 5 |
53.57 32.14 10.71 3.58 |
55 30 10 15 |
50 27.27 9.09 13.64 |
60 25 30 5 |
50.00 20.83 25.00 4.17 |
Total | 140 | 100 | 110 | 100 | 120 | 100 |
Page No 6.24:
Question 6:
From the following data of imports of a firm, prepare a suitable diagram.
Year | 2011 | 2012 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 |
Imports (₹ in Lakhs) | 16 | 22 | 34 | 170 | 25 |
Answer:
Broken- Scale Bar Diagram
Page No 6.24:
Question 7:
Represent the following data relating to net exports of a company by deviation bar diagram.
Year | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 |
Net Exports (₹ in Crores) | 250 | 160 | (−)80 | 50 | (−)110 | 70 |
Answer:
Deviation Bar Diagram
Page No 6.24:
Question 8:
the estimated percentage break-up of the cost of construction of a house (excluding cost of land) is as follows:
Labour | Bricks | Cement | Steel & Timber | Marble | Miscellaneous |
20% | 12% | 25% | 15% | 13% | 15% |
Answer:
The percentage values are converted into degree values using the following formula.
$\mathrm{Degree}\mathrm{share}=\frac{\mathrm{Percentage}\mathrm{share}}{100}\times 360\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=\mathrm{Percentage}\mathrm{share}\times 3.6$
Items | Expenditure (in percent) |
Degree Share |
Labour Bricks Cement Steel and timber Marble Miscellaneous |
20 12 25 15 13 15 |
20 × 3.6 = 72° 12 × 3.6 = 43.2° 25 × 3.6 = 90° 15 × 3.6 = 54° 13 × 3.6 = 46.8° 15 × 3.6 = 54° |
360° |
Page No 6.24:
Question 9:
Draw two pie diagrams to represent the marks obtained by Isha and Utkarsh (out of 50) in an examination.
Subject | Isha | Utkarsh |
Maths | 40 | 37 |
Economics | 35 | 45 |
Accounts | 45 | 40 |
Commerce | 46 | 34 |
English | 34 | 44 |
Answer:
The percentage values are converted into degree values using the following formula.
$\mathrm{Degree}\mathrm{share}=\frac{\mathrm{Percentage}\mathrm{share}}{100}\times 360\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=\mathrm{Percentage}\mathrm{share}\times 3.6$
Subject | Marks obtained by Isha | Percentage Value | Degree Share |
Maths | 40 | $\frac{40}{200}\times 100=20$ | 20 × 3.6 = 72° |
Economics | 35 | $\frac{35}{200}\times 100=17.5$ | 17.5 × 3.6 = 63° |
Accounts | 45 | $\frac{45}{200}\times 100=22.5$ | 22.5 × 3.6 = 81° |
Commerce | 46 | $\frac{46}{200}\times 100=23$ | 23 × 3.6 = 82.8° |
English | 34 | $\frac{34}{200}\times 100=17$ | 17 × 3.6 = 61.2° |
Total | 200 | 360° |
Subject | Marks obtained by Utkarsh | Percentage Value | Degree Share |
Maths | 37 | $\frac{37}{200}\times 100=18.5$ | 18.5 × 3.6 = 66.6° |
Economics | 45 | $\frac{45}{200}\times 100=22.5$ | 22.5 × 3.6 = 81° |
Accounts | 40 | $\frac{40}{200}\times 100=20$ | 20 × 3.6 = 72° |
Commerce | 34 | $\frac{34}{200}\times 100=17$ | 17 × 3.6 = 61.2° |
English | 44 | $\frac{44}{200}\times 100=22$ | 22 × 3.6 = 79.2° |
Total | 200 | 360° |
Page No 6.24:
Question 10:
Represent the following data with help of pie diagram.
Items | Rent | Food | Clothing | Transportation | Recreation | Savings | Others |
Expenditure (in percent) | 20% | 25% | 22% | 15% | 8% | 6% | 4% |
Answer:
The percentage values are converted into degree values using the following formula.
$\mathrm{Degree}\mathrm{share}=\frac{\mathrm{Percentage}\mathrm{share}}{100}\times 360\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=\mathrm{Percentage}\mathrm{share}\times 3.6$
Items | Expenditure (in percent) |
Degree Share |
Rent Food Clothing Transportation Recreation Savings Others |
20 25 22 15 8 6 4 |
20 × 3.6 = 72 25 × 3.6 = 90 22 × 3.6 = 79.2 15 × 3.6 = 54 8 × 3.6 = 28.8 6 × 3.6 = 21.6 4 × 3.6 = 14.4 |
Total | 360° |
Page No 6.24:
Question 11:
The following table gives the number of tyres manufactured by a company for different years.
Year | No. Tyres Produced |
2012-13 | 5,000 |
2013-14 | 7,500 |
2014-15 | 11,000 |
2015-16 | 15,600 |
2016-17 | 16,000 |
Answer:
The given data can be presented in the form of a simple bar diagram as follows.
Page No 6.25:
Question 12:
the following table gives the number of students appearing at the various examination from a college in 2014, 2015 and 2016.
Year | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 |
B.A. | 250 | 300 | 175 |
B.B.A | 425 | 450 | 510 |
B.Com. | 175 | 220 | 240 |
Answer:
Page No 6.25:
Question 13:
The following table gives the monthly expenditure of two families A and B. Represent them by means of sub-divided bar diagram and percentage diagram.
Items of Expenditure | Family A (income: ₹ 50,000) | Family B (Income: 80,000) |
Food | 15,000 | 23,000 |
Clothing | 9,000 | 17,000 |
House Rent | 11,000 | 11,000 |
Education | 5,000 | 9,000 |
Fuel and Lighting | 4,000 | 13,000 |
Miscellaneous | 6,000 | 7,000 |
Answer:
Items of Expenditure | Family A (Income: Rs 50,000) |
Percentage (%) Expenditure |
Family B (Income: Rs 80,000) |
Percentage (%) Expenditure |
Food Clothing House Rent Education Fuel and Lighting Miscellaneous |
15000 9000 11000 5000 4000 6000 |
$\frac{15000}{50000}\times 100$= 30 $\frac{9000}{50000}\times 100$=18 $\frac{11000}{50000}\times 100$=22 $\frac{5000}{50000}\times 100$=10 $\frac{4000}{50000}\times 100$=8 $\frac{6000}{50000}\times 100$=12 |
23000 17000 11000 9000 13000 7000 |
$\frac{23000}{80000}\times 100$=28.75 $\frac{17000}{80000}\times 100$=21.25 $\frac{11000}{80000}\times 100$=13.75 $\frac{9000}{80000}\times 100$=11.25 $\frac{13000}{80000}\times 100$=16.25 $\frac{7000}{80000}\times 100$=8.75 |
Total | 50,000 | 100 | 80,000 | 100 |
Sub-divided bar Diagram:
Percentage Diagram:
Page No 6.25:
Question 14:
Draw a pie diagram to represent the area of the oceans of world.
Ocean | Pacific | Atlantic | Indian | Antarctic | Arctic |
Area (Millions sq. km. | 70.8 | 41.2 | 28.5 | 7.6 | 4.8 |
Answer:
The percentage values are converted into degree values using the following formula.
$\mathrm{Degree}\mathrm{share}=\frac{\mathrm{Percentage}\mathrm{share}}{100}\times 360\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=\mathrm{Percentage}\mathrm{share}\times 3.6$
Ocean | Area | Percentage Area |
Degree Share |
Pacific | 70.8 | $\frac{70.8}{152.9}\times 100=46.30$ | 46.30 × 3.6 = 166.69 |
Atlantic | 41.2 | $\frac{41.2}{152.9}\times 100=26.95$ | 26.95 × 3.6 = 97.02 |
Indian | 28.5 | $\frac{28.5}{152.9}\times 100=18.64$ | 18.64 × 3.6 = 67.10 |
Antarctic | 7.6 | $\frac{7.6}{152.9}\times 100=4.97$ | 4.97 × 3.6 = 17.89 |
Arctic | 4.8 | $\frac{4.8}{152.9}\times 100=3.14$ | 3.14 × 3.6 = 11.304 |
Total | 152.9 | 100 | 360° |
Page No 6.25:
Question 15:
The following data shows the profits earned by Company A and Company B for the year 2013-14 to 2016-17. Present the data with the help of suitable diagram.
Year | Company A (in ₹ '000) | Company B (in ₹ '000) |
2013-14 | 225 | 160 |
2014-15 | 310 | 240 |
2015-16 | 450 | 380 |
2016-17 | 575 | 600 |
Answer:
Page No 6.25:
Question 16:
Represent the following data by Pie diagram.
Items of Expenditure | Family A | Family B | Family C |
Food | 12,000 | 30,000 | 40,000 |
Clothing | 3,500 | 14,000 | 10,000 |
Education | 2,000 | 7,000 | 3,000 |
House Rent | 1,500 | 3,000 | 2,000 |
Miscellaneous | 5,000 | 6,000 | 5,000 |
Answer:
For family A
Items of Expenditure | Family A | Percentage expenditure | Degree Share |
Food | 12000 | $\frac{12000}{24000}\times 100=50$ | 50 × 3.6 = 180 |
Clothing | 3500 | $\frac{3500}{24000}\times 100=14.58$ | 14.58 × 3.6 = 52.49 |
Education | 2000 | $\frac{2000}{24000}\times 100=8.33$ | 8.33 × 3.6 = 29.99 |
House Rent | 1500 | $\frac{1500}{24000}\times 100=6.25$ | 6.25 × 3.6 = 22.5 |
Miscellaneous | 5000 | $\frac{5000}{24000}\times 100=20.84$ | 20.84 × 3.6 = 70.02 |
For family B
Items of Expenditure | Family B | Percentage expenditure | Degree Share |
Food | 30000 | $\frac{30000}{60000}\times 100=50$ | 50 × 3.6 = 180 |
Clothing | 14000 | $\frac{14000}{60000}\times 100=23.33$ | 23.33 × 3.6 = 83.99 |
Education | 7000 | $\frac{7000}{60000}\times 100=11.67$ | 11.67 × 3.6 = 42.01 |
House Rent | 3000 | $\frac{3000}{60000}\times 100=5$ | 5 × 3.6 = 18 |
Miscellaneous | 6000 | $\frac{6000}{60000}\times 100=10$ | 10 × 3.6 = 36 |
For family C
Items of Expenditure | Family C | Percentage expenditure | Degree Share |
Food | 40,000 | $\frac{40000}{60000}\times 100=66.67$ | 66.67 × 3.6 = 240.01 |
Clothing | 10,000 | $\frac{10000}{60000}\times 100=16.67$ | 16.67 × 3.6 = 60.01 |
Education | 3,000 | $\frac{3000}{60000}\times 100=5$ | 5 × 3.6 = 18 |
House Rent | 2,000 | $\frac{2000}{60000}\times 100=3.33$ | 3.33 × 3.6 = 11.99 |
Miscellaneous | 5,000 | $\frac{5000}{60000}\times 100=8.33$ | 8.3 × 3.6 = 29.99 |
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