Double Entry Book Keeping Ts Grewal Vol i 2017 Solutions for Class 12 Commerce Accountancy Chapter 1 Accounting For Partnership Firms Fundamentals are provided here with simple stepbystep explanations. These solutions for Accounting For Partnership Firms Fundamentals are extremely popular among class 12 Commerce students for Accountancy Accounting For Partnership Firms Fundamentals Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. All questions and answers from the Double Entry Book Keeping Ts Grewal Vol i 2017 Book of class 12 Commerce Accountancy Chapter 1 are provided here for you for free. You will also love the adfree experience on Meritnation’s Double Entry Book Keeping Ts Grewal Vol i 2017 Solutions. All Double Entry Book Keeping Ts Grewal Vol i 2017 Solutions for class 12 Commerce Accountancy are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.
Page No 1.80:
Question 1:
In the absence of Partnership Deed, what are the rules relation to :
(a) Salaries of partners,
(b) Interest on partners’ capitals
(c) Interest on partners’ loan
(d) Division of profit, and
(e) Interest on partners’ drawings
Answer:
Items (Points)  Provision in the Absence of Partnership Deed  
(a)  Salaries of Partners  No Salary will be allowed to Partners. 
(b)  Interest on Partners’ Capitals  No interest will be allowed to Partners on Capital 
(c)  Interest on Partners’ Loan  6% p.a. Interest will be allowed on the amount given by partners in the form of Loans and Advances to firm. 
(d)  Division of Profit  Profits will be shared equally, it is irrespective the amount of capital contributed by partners 
(e)  Interest on Partners’ Drawings  No Interest will be charged on the Drawings of Partners 
Page No 1.81:
Question 2:
Following differences have arisen among P, Q and R. State who is correct in each case:
(a) P used ₹ 20,000 belonging to the firm and made a profit of ₹ 5,000. Q and R want the amount to be given to the firm?
(b) Q used ₹ 5,000 belonging to the firm and suffered a loss of ₹ 1000. He wants the firm to bear the loss?
(c) P and Q want to purchase goods from A Ltd., R does not agree?
(d) Q and R want to admit C as partner, P does not agree?
Answer:
(a) P is bound to pay Rs 20,000 together with profit of Rs 5,000 to the firm because this amount belongs to the firm.
Explanation: As per Principal and Agent relationship, P is principal as well as agent to the firm and to Q and R. As per this rule, any profit earned by an agent (P) by using the firm’s property is attributable to the firm.
(b) Q is liable to pay Rs 5,000 to the firm. As per the Partnership Act, 1932, every partner of a partnership firm is liable to the firm for any loss caused by his/her willful negligence.
Explanation: Here Q is solely responsible for the loss of Rs 1,000 because he used the property of the firm and also represented himself as a principal rather than an agent to the other partners and to the firm.
(c) P and Q may buy goods from A Ltd.
Explanation: As per Partnership Act, 1932, a partner has a right to buy and sell goods without consulting the other partners unless a Public Notice has been given by the partnership firm to restrict the partners to buy and sell.
(d) C will not be admitted because one of the partners P has not agreed to admit C.
Explanation: As per Partnership Act, a new partner cannot be admitted into a firm unless all the existing partners agree on the same decision. In other words, a new partner can be admitted in a partnership firm with the consent of all the existing partners.
Page No 1.81:
Question 3:
A, B and C are partners in a firm. They do not have a Partnership Deed. At the end of the first year of the commencement of the firm, they have faced the following problems :
(a) A wants that interest on capital should be allowed to the partners but B and C do not agree.
(b) B wants that the partners should be allowed to draw salary but A and C do not agree.
(c) C wants that the loan given by him to the firm should bear interest @ 10% p.a. but A and B do not agree.
(d) A and B having contributed larger amounts of capital, desire that the profits should be divided in the ratio of their capital contribution but C does not agree.
State how you will settle these disputes if the partners approach you for purpose.
Answer:

Disputes 
Possible Judgements 
(a) 
A wants that interest on capital should be allowed to the partners but B and C do not agree. 
As per Partnership Act, no interest on Capital will be allowed. Reason: There is no partnership agreement among A, B and C regarding interest on capital. 
(b) 
B wants that the partners should be allowed to draw salary but A and C do not agree. 
No salary will be allowed to any partner. Reason: There is no partnership agreement. 
(c) 
C wants that the loan given by him to the firm should bear interest @ 10% p.a. but A and B do not agree. 
Interest on partner’s loan (C’s loan) will be allowed at 6% p.a. Reason: As per Partnership Act, in the absence of partnership agreement, interest on partners loan is allowed at 6% p.a. 
(d) 
A and B having contributed larger amounts of capital, desire that the profits should be divided in the ratio of their capital contribution but C does not agree. 
Profit will be shared equally and not in the capital ratio. Reason: There is no partnership agreement. 
Page No 1.81:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account as on March 31, 2016 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Profit transferred to: 

Net Profit 
15,050 

Mahesh’s Capital A/c 
7,525 

(15,200$$150) 

Ramesh’s Capital A/c 
7,525 
15,050 



15,050 

15,050 





Working Note:
WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Mahesh’s Loan
Amount of Loan given by Mahesh = Rs 10,000
Time Period (from Jan 01 to March 31, 2016) = 3 months
WN 2: Calculation of Interest on Capital
No interest on Capital will be allowed to the partners
Note: There is no partnership deed between Mahesh and Ramesh. Therefore, as per Partnership Act:
(a) Interest on Loan will be allowed at 6% p.a.
(b) No interest on Partners’ Capital will be allowed and
(c) Profit after Interest on Mahesh’s loan will be distributed equally between Mahesh and Ramesh.
Page No 1.81:
Question 5:
Jaspal and Rosy were partners with capital contribution of ₹ 10,00,000 and ₹ 5,00,000 respectively. They do not have a Partnership Deed. Jaspal wants that profits of the firm should be shared in their capital ratio. Rosy convinced jaspal that profits should be shared equally. Explain how Rosy would have convinced Jaspal for sharing the profit equally.
Answer:
In the absence of partnership deed, the provisions of Indian Partnership Act of 1932 applies. According to the act, if there is no agreement regarding the ratio in which profits are to be shared, then profits (or losses) are to be shared equally among all the partners. Therefore, in this situation Jaspal’s view of distribution of profits in capital ratio is not acceptable and Rosy must have convinced her stating the provisions contained in the Partnership Act, 1932.
Page No 1.81:
Answer:
In the absence of partnership deed, the provisions of Indian Partnership Act of 1932 applies. According to the act, if there is no agreement regarding the interest on capital contributed by the partners, then no interest on capital is allowed to any of the partners. Therefore, in this situation Jagmohan’s view of allowing interest on capital at 6% p.a. is not acceptable and Ramesh must have convinced him stating the provisions contained in the Partnership Act, 1932.
Page No 1.81:
Question 7:
Answer:
In the absence of partnership deed, the provisions of Indian Partnership Act of 1932 applies. According to the act, if there is no agreement regarding the interest on drawings withdrawn by the partners, then no interest on drawings is charged from any of the partners. Therefore, in this situation Jatinder’s view of charging interest on drawings is not acceptable and Sunil must have convinced him stating the provisions contained in the Partnership Act, 1932.
Page No 1.81:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account as on March 31, 2015 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on Partners’ Capital 

Net Profit (27,100  600) 
26,500 

Black 
1,500 



White 
1,000 
2,500 


Profit transferred to 




Black’s Capital A/c 
12,000 



White’s Capital A/c 
12,000 
24,000 



26,500 

26,500 





Working Notes:
WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Capital
WN 2 Calculation of Interest on White’s Loan
Notes:
1. As per Partnership Agreement, interest on capital to the partners is to be allowed at 5%.
2. There is no partnership agreement for interest on loan provided by the partner. Hence, interest on loan is allowed at 6%.
3. There is no partnership agreement for salary to the partners, therefore no salary will be provided to any of the partner.
4. Also, in the absence of a partnership agreement regarding sharing of profits and losses, profits will be shared equally by the partners.
Page No 1.82:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Account for the year ended March 31, 2017 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on A’s Loan 
240 
Profit (before Interest) 
15,000 

Profit transferred to: 




A’s Capital A/c 
7,380 



B’s Capital A/c 
7,380 
14,760 



15,000 

15,000 





Working Notes:
WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Loan
As per the Partnership Act, if there is no partnership agreement regarding rate of interest on loan, it is provided at 6% p.a.
Amount of Loan = Rs 8,000
Time Period (from October 01 to March 31) = 6 months
WN 2 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner
In the absence of partnership deed, profits of a firm are distributed equally among all the partners.
Profit after Interest on A’s loan = 15,000 − 240 = Rs 14,760
Page No 1.82:
Answer:
Amount advanced by the Partners = Rs 30,000
Profit sharing ratio = 3 : 2
Time Period (from October 01, 2016 to March 31, 2017) = 6 months
Interest rate = 6% p.a.
Calculation of Interest on Advances
Note: In the absence of a partnership agreement regarding rate of interest on loans and advances, interest is provided at 6% p.a.
Page No 1.82:
Answer:
Time Period (from October 01, 2016 to March 31, 2017) = 6 months
Interest rate = 6% p.a. (in the absence of partnership deed)
A and B will get Rs 450 individually as interest on loan for 6 months (from October 01, 2016 to March 31, 2017) at 6% p.a.
Page No 1.82:
Answer:
Calculation of Interest on Loan
Case 1 If Profits before any interest for the year amounted to Rs 21,000
Profit and Loss Account for the year ended March 31, 2016 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on X’s Loan 
2,400 
Profit (before interest) 
21,000 

Interest on Y’s Loan 
1,200 



Profit transferred to 




X’s Capital A/c (17,400 × 2/5) 
6,960 



Y’s Capital A/c (17,400 × 3/5) 
10,440 
17,400 



21,000 

21,000 





Case 2 If Profits before any interest for the year amounted to Rs 3,000
Profit and Loss Account for the year ended March 31, 2016 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on X’s Loan 
2,400 
Profit (before interest) 
3,000 

Interest on Y’s Loan 
1,200 
Loss transferred to 




X’s Capital A/c (600 × 2/5) 
240 



Y’s Capital A/c (600 × (3/5) 
360 
600 






3,600 

3,600 





Case 3 If Profits before any interest for the year amounted to Rs 5,000
Profit and Loss Account for the year ended March 31, 2016 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on X’s Loan 
2,400 
Profit (before interest) 
5,000 

Interest on Y’s Loan 
1,200 



Profit transferred to: 




X’s Capital A/c (1400 × 2/5) 
560 



Y’s Capital A/c (1400 × 3/5) 
840 
1,400 



5,000 

5,000 





Case 4 If Loss before any interest for the year amounted to Rs 1,400
Profit and Loss Account for the year ended March 31, 2016 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Loss (before interest) 
1,400 
Loss transferred to 


Interest on X’s Loan 
2,400 
X’s Capital A/c (5,000 × 2/5) 
2,000 

Interest on Y’s Loan 
1,200 
Y’s Capital A/c (5,000 × 3/5) 
3,000 
5,000 






5,000 

5,000 





Page No 1.82:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Account for the year ended March 31, 2017 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Loss (before interest) 
9,000 



Rent (5,000$\times $12)  60,000  Loss transferred to:  
Interest on Bat’s loan 
7,200 
Bat’s Capital A/c 
31,920 

Interest on Ball’s loan 
3,600 
Ball’s Capital A/c 
47,880 
79,800 

79,800 

79,800 





Working Notes:
WN 1 Interest on Partner’s Loan
WN 2 Distribution of Loss to the Partners
Loss after Interest on Partners’ Loan = 9,000 + 60,000 + 7,200 + 3,600 = Rs 19,800
$\mathrm{Bat}\text{'}\mathrm{s}\mathrm{Share}\mathrm{of}\mathrm{Loss}=79,800\times \frac{2}{5}=\mathrm{Rs}31,920\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\mathrm{Ball}\text{'}\mathrm{s}\mathrm{Share}\mathrm{of}\mathrm{Loss}=79,800\times \frac{3}{5}=\mathrm{Rs}47,880$
Page No 1.82:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on Capital: 

Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit) 
80,000 

A 
6,000 




B 
3,600 
9,600 



Salary to B (Rs 3,000×12) 
36,000 



Profit transferred to: 




A’s Capital A/c 
17,200 




B’s Capital A/c 
17,200 
34,400 




80,000 

80,000 





Working Notes:
WN1 Calculation of Interest on Capital
WN 2 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner
Page No 1.82:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on Capital: 

Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit after Z’s salary) 
4,00,000 

X 
50,000 




Y 
50,000 




Z 
25,000 
1,25000 



Profit transferred to: 




X’s Capital A/c 
1,10,000 




Y’s Capital A/c 
1,10,000 




Z’s Capital A/c 
55,000 
2,75,000 




4,00,000 

4,00,000 





Working Notes:
WN 1 Salary to Z has not been debited to Profit and Loss Appropriation Account. This is because Profit of Rs 4,00,000 is given after adjusting the Z’s salary.
WN 2 Calculation of Interest on Capital
WN 3 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner
Page No 1.83:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Adjustment Account 

Dr. 


Cr. 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Manager’s Commission (30,000×5%) 
1,500 
Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit after Y’s salary) 
24,000 


Y’s Salary 
6,000 
Profit transferred to Profit and Loss 



Appropriation A/c 
28,500 



30,000 

30,000 




Profit and Loss Appropriation Account 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Salary to Y 
6,000 
Profit and Loss Adjustment A/c 
28,500 

Interest on Capital: 

(After manager’s commission) 


X 
4,000 



Y 
3,000 
7,000 


Profit transferred to: 




X’s Capital A/c 
9,300 



Y’s Capital A/c 
6,200 
15,500 



28,500 

28,500 





Working Notes:
WN 1 Calculation of Manager’s Commission
Profit for making Managers’ Commission = 24,000 + 6,000 (Y’s Salary) = Rs 30,000
WN 2 Calculation of Interest on Capital
WN 3 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner
Profit available for distribution = 28,500 − 6,000 − 7,000 = Rs 15,500
Page No 1.83:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Salary to Prem (Rs 2,500 × 12) 
30,000 
Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit) 
90,575 

Commission to Manoj 
10,000 
Interest on Drawings A/c: 


Interest on Capital: 

Prem 
1,250 


Prem 
10,000 

Manoj 
425 
1,675 
Manoj 
7,500 
17,500 



Profit transferred to: 




Prem’s Current A/c 
20,850 




Manoj’s Current A/c 
13,900 
34,750 




92,250 

92,250 





Working Notes:
WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Capital
WN 2 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner
Profit available for distribution = 90,575 + 1,675 − 30,000 − 10,000 − 17,500
= Rs 34,750
Profit sharing ratio = 3 : 2
Page No 1.83:
Question 18:
Answer:
Journal 

Date 
Particulars 
L.F. 
Debit Amount (Rs) 
Credit Amount (Rs) 








Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c 
Dr. 

40,000 


To Amar’s Current A/c 



15,000 

To Bimal’s Current A/c 



25,000 

(Interest on capital transferred to Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c) 




Working Notes:
WN1: Calculation of Interest on Capital:
$\begin{array}{l}\text{Amar's\hspace{0.17em}Interest\hspace{0.17em}on\hspace{0.17em}Capital\hspace{0.17em}=\hspace{0.17em}1,50,000}\times \frac{10}{100}=\text{Rs15,000}\\ \text{Bimal's\hspace{0.17em}Interest\hspace{0.17em}on\hspace{0.17em}Capital\hspace{0.17em}=\hspace{0.17em}}2\text{,50,000}\times \frac{10}{100}=\text{Rs25,000}\end{array}$
Page No 1.83:
Answer:
Journal 

Date 
Particulars 
L.F. 
Debit Amount (Rs) 
Credit Amount (Rs) 








Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c 
Dr. 

1,00,000 


To Kamal’s Current A/c 



55,000 

To Kapil’s Current A/c 



45,000 

(Interest on capital transferred to Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c) 




Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended 31, March 2017 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on Capital A/c: 

Profit and Loss A/c 
6,00,000 

Kamal 
55,000 



Kapil 
45,000 
1,00,000 


Profit transferred to: 




Kamal’s Current A/c 
2,50,000 



Kapil’s Current A/c 
2,50,000 
5,00,000 



6,00,000 

6,00,000 





Working Notes:
WN1: Calculation of Interest on Capital:
$\begin{array}{l}\text{Kamal}=\left(\frac{5,00,000\times 10\times 6}{100\times 12}\right)+\left(\frac{6,00,000\times 10\times 6}{100\times 12}\right)=\text{Rs55,000}\\ \text{Kapil}=\left(\frac{5,00,000\times 10\times 6}{100\times 12}\right)+\left(\frac{4,00,000\times 10\times 6}{100\times 12}\right)=\text{Rs45,000}\end{array}$
Page No 1.83:
Answer:
Journal 

Date 
Particulars 
L.F. 
Debit Amount (Rs) 
Credit Amount (Rs) 








Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c 
Dr. 

20,000 


To Simran’s Current A/c 



10,000 

To Reema’s Current A/c 



10,000 

(Interest on capital transferred to Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c) 











Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c 


2,80,000 


To Simran’s Current A/c 



1,68,000 

To Reema’s Current A/c 



1,12,000 

(Profit transferred to Partners’ Current A/c) 










Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended 31, March 2017 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on Capital A/c: 

Profit and Loss A/c 
3,00,000 

Simran 
10,000 



Reema 
10,000 
20,000 


Profit transferred to: 




Simran’s Current A/c 
1,68,000 



Reema’s Current A/c 
1,12,000 
2,80,000 



3,00,000 

3,00,000 





Working Notes:
WN1: Calculation of Interest on Capital
$\begin{array}{l}\text{Simran's\hspace{0.17em}Interest\hspace{0.17em}on\hspace{0.17em}Capital\hspace{0.17em}=\hspace{0.17em}}2\text{,00,000}\times \frac{5}{100}=\text{Rs10,000}\\ \text{Reema's\hspace{0.17em}Interest\hspace{0.17em}on\hspace{0.17em}Capital\hspace{0.17em}=\hspace{0.17em}}2\text{,00,000}\times \frac{5}{100}=\text{Rs10,000}\end{array}$
Page No 1.83:
Answer:
Journal 

Date 
Particulars 
L.F. 
Debit Amount (Rs) 
Credit Amount (Rs) 








Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c 
Dr. 

90,000 


To Anita’s Capital A/c 



50,000 

To Ankita’s Capital A/c 



40,000 

(Interest on capital transferred to Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c) 




Working Notes:
WN1: Calculation of Interest on Capital
$\begin{array}{l}\text{Anita's\hspace{0.17em}Interest\hspace{0.17em}on\hspace{0.17em}Capital\hspace{0.17em}=\hspace{0.17em}}5\text{,00,000}\times \frac{10}{100}=\text{Rs50,000}\\ \text{Ankita's\hspace{0.17em}Interest\hspace{0.17em}on\hspace{0.17em}Capital\hspace{0.17em}=\hspace{0.17em}}4\text{,00,000}\times \frac{10}{100}=\text{Rs40,000}\end{array}$
Page No 1.84:
Answer:
Journal 

Date 
Particulars 
L.F. 
Debit Amount (Rs) 
Credit Amount (Rs) 








Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c 
Dr. 

1,35,000 


To Ashish’s Capital A/c 



65,000 

To Aakash’s Capital A/c 



70,000 

(Interest on capital transferred to Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c) 








3,65,000 


Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c 



2,19,000 

To Ashish’s Capital A/c 



1,46,000 

To Akash’s Capital A/c 





(Profit transferred to Partners’ Capital A/c) 










Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended 31, March 2017 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on Capital A/c: 

Profit and Loss A/c 
5,00,000 

Ashish 
65,000 




Aakash 
70,000 
1,35,000 



Profit transferred to: 




Ashish’s Capital A/c 
2,19,000 




Aakash’s Capital A/c 
1,46,000 
3,65,000 




5,00,000 

5,00,000 






Working Notes:
WN1: Calculation of Opening Capital:
Particulars 
Ashish 
Aakash 
Capital at the end 
5,00,000 
6,00,000 
Add: Drawings made 
1,50,000 
1,00,000 
Capital at the beginning 
6,50,000 
7,00,000 
WN2: Calculation of Interest on Capital
$\begin{array}{l}\text{Ashish's\hspace{0.17em}Interest\hspace{0.17em}on\hspace{0.17em}Capital\hspace{0.17em}=\hspace{0.17em}}6\text{,50,000}\times \frac{10}{100}=\text{Rs65,000}\\ \text{Aakash's\hspace{0.17em}Interest\hspace{0.17em}on\hspace{0.17em}Capital\hspace{0.17em}=\hspace{0.17em}}7\text{,00,000}\times \frac{10}{100}=\text{Rs70,000}\end{array}$
Page No 1.84:
Answer:
Journal 

Date 
Particulars 
L.F. 
Debit Amount (Rs) 
Credit Amount (Rs) 








Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c 
Dr. 

82,500 


To Naresh’s Capital A/c 



42,500 

To Sukesh’s Capital A/c 



40,000 

(Interest on capital transferred to Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c) 











Profit & Loss Appropriation A/c 
Dr. 

1,17,500 


To Naresh’s Capital A/c 



58,750 

To Sukesh’s Capital A/c 



58,750 

(Profit transferred to Partners’ Capital A/c) 










Working Notes:
WN1: Calculation of Opening Capital:
Particulars 
Naresh 
Sukesh 
Capital at the end 
3,00,000 
3,00,000 
Add: Drawings out of capital 
50,000 
 
Add: Drawings against profit 
1,00,000 
1,00,000 
Capital at the beginning 
4,50,000 
4,00,000 
WN2: Calculation of Interest on Capital
$\begin{array}{l}\text{Naresh}=\frac{4,50,000\times 10\times 6}{100\times 12}+\frac{4,00,000\times 10\times 6}{100\times 12}=\text{Rs42,500}\\ \text{Sukesh}=\frac{4,00,000\times 10}{100}=\text{Rs40,000}\end{array}$
Page No 1.84:
Question 24:
On 1st April, 2013, Jay and Vijay entered into partnership for supplying laboratory equipments to government schools situated in remote and backward areas. They contributed capitals of ₹ 80,000 and ₹ 50,000 respectively and agreed to share the profits in the ratio of 3 : 2. The partnership Deed provided that interest on capital shall be allowed at 9% per annum. During the year the firm earned a profit of ₹ 7,800. Showing your calculations cleary, prepare 'Profit and Loss Appropriation Account' of Jay and Vijay for the year ended 31st March, 2014.
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended March 2014 

Dr. 

Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on Capital A/c: 

Profit and Loss A/c 
7,800 

Jay 
4,800 



Vijay 
3,000 
7,800 








7,800 

7,800 





Working Notes:
WN1: Calculation of Interest on Capital
WN2: Calculation of Proportionate Interest on Capital
Note: Interest on capital is to be treated as an appropriation of profits and is to be provided to the extent of available profits i.e. Rs 7,800.
Page No 1.84:
Question 25:
A, B and C are partners in a firm. A and B are to get annual salary of ₹ 1,20,000 p.a. each as they are fully involved in the business. Net profit for the year is ₹ 4,80,000. Determine the share of profit to be credited to each partner.
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended … 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Salary: 

Profit and Loss A/c 
4,80,000 

A 
1,20,000 




B 
1,20,000 
2,40,000 



Profit transferred to: 




A’s Capital A/c 
80,000 




B’s Capital A/c 
80,000 




C’s Capital A/c 
80,000 
2,40,000 




4,80,000 

4,80,000 





Page No 1.84:
Question 26:
A, B and C are partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2 : 2 : 1 respectively. A is entitled to a commission of 10% on the net profit. Net profit for the year is ₹ 1,10,000.
Determine the amount of commission payable to A.
Answer:
Net Profit before charging commission = Rs 1,10,000
Commission to A = 10% of on Net Profit before charging such commission
Page No 1.85:
Question 27:
X, Y and Z are partners sharing profits and lossed equally. As per partnership Deed, Z is entitled to a commission of 10% on the net profit after charging such commission. The net profit before charging commission is ₹ 2,20,000.
Determine the amount of commission payable to Z.
Answer:
Net Profit before charging Commission = Rs 2,20,000
Commission to Z = 10% of on Net Profit after charging such commission
Page No 1.85:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended March 31, 2017 

Dr. 
Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Partners’ Commission: 

Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit) 
1,80,000 

A 
6,000 




B 
9,000 




C 
6,000 




D 
9,000 
30,000 



Profit transferred to: 




A’s Capital A/c 
60,000 




B’s Capital A/c 
45,000 




C’s Capital A/c 
30,000 




D’s Capital A/c 
15,000 
1,50,000 




1,80,000 

1,80,000 





Working Notes:
WN 1 Calculation of Partners’ Commission
Partners’ Commission = 20% on Net Profit after charging such commission
This commission is to be shared by the partners in the ratio of 2 : 3 : 2 : 3
WN 2 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner
Profit available for Distribution = 1,80,000 − 30,000 = Rs 1,50,000
Profit sharing ratio = 4 : 3 : 2 : 1
Page No 1.85:
Question 29:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended March 31, 2017 

Dr. 
Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Partners’ Salary: 

Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit) 
4,20,000 

X (10,000 × 12) 
1,20,000 




Y 
25,000 
1,45,000 



Partners’ Commission: 




X 
27,500 




Y 
22,500 
50,000 



Profit transferred to: 




X’s Capital A/c 
1,12,500 




Y’s Capital A/c 
1,12,500 
2,25,000 




4,20,000 

4,20,000 





Working Notes:
WN 1 Calculation of Commission
Commission to X = 10% of Net Profit after partners’ salaries but before charging such commission
Profit after Partners’ Salaries = 4,20,000 − 1,45,000 = Rs 2,75,000
Commission to Y = 10% of Net Profit after charging Commission and Partners’ Salaries
Profit after commission and partners’ salaries = 4,20,000 − 1,45,000 − 27,500 = Rs 2,47,500
WN 2 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner
Profit available for distribution = 4,20,000 − 1,45,000 − 50,000 = Rs 2,25,000
Profit sharing ratio = 1 : 1
Page No 1.85:
Question 30:
Ram and Mohan, two partners, drew for their personal use ₹ 1,20,000 and ₹ 80,000. Interest is chargeable @ 6% p.a. on the drawings. What is the amount of interest chargeable from each partner?
Answer:
In this question, date of drawings made by the partners is not given. Therefore, interest on drawings is calculated on average basis for a period of six months.
Page No 1.85:
Question 31:
B and M are partners in a firm. They withdrew ₹ 48,000 and ₹ 36,000 respectively during the year evenly in the middle of every month. According to the partnership agreement, interest on drawings is to be charged @ 10% p.a.
Calculate interest on drawings of the partners using the appropriate formula.
Answer:
Since, the drawings are made evenly at the middle of every month, therefore interest on drawings is calculated for a period of six months.
Page No 1.85:
Answer:
Page No 1.85:
Answer:
Page No 1.85:
Answer:
Total Drawings = 7,500 × 4 = Rs 30,000
Interest Rate = 10% p.a.
Case (a)
When equal amount is withdrawn in the beginning of each quarter, the interest on drawings is calculated for an average period of 7.5 months
Case (b)
When equal amount is withdrawn at the end of each quarter, the interest on drawings is calculated for an average period of 4.5 months
Case (c)
When equal amount is withdrawn in the middle of each quarter, the interest on drawings is calculated for an average period of 6 months
Page No 1.85:
Question 35:
Kanika and Gautam are partners doing a dry cleaning business in Lucknow, sharing profits in the ratio 2 : 1 with capitals ₹ 5,00,000 and ₹ 4,00,000 respectively. Kanika withdrew the following amounts during the year to pay the hostel expenses of her son:
1st April  ₹ 10,000 
1st June  ₹ 9,000 
1st November  ₹ 14,000 
1st December  ₹ 5,000 
Calculate interest on drawings @ 6% p.a.
Answer:
Interest on Kanika’s Drawings = Rs 1,500
Interest on Gautam’s Drawings = Rs 2,250
Working Notes:
WN1: Calculation of Interest on Kanika’s Drawings
By Product Method 

Date 
Amount (I) 
Months (II) 
Product (I × II) 
Apr. 01 
10,000 
12 
1,20,000 
June 01 
9,000 
10 
90,000 
Nov. 01 
14,000 
5 
70,000 
Dec. 01 
5,000 
4 
20,000 
Sum of Product 
3,00,000 


WN2: Calculation of Interest on Gautam’s Drawings
Gautam withdrew Rs 15,000 in the beginning of every quarter.
Page No 1.86:
Answer:
Calculation of Interest on A’s Capital
Date 
Capital 
× 
Period 
= 
Product 
April 01, 2016 to June 30, 2016 
50,000 
× 
3 
= 
1,50,000 
July 01, 2016 to March 31, 2017 
60,000 
× 
9 
= 
5,40,000 
Sum of Product 

6,90,000 



Calculation of Interest on B’s Capital
Date 
Capital 
× 
Period 
= 
Product 
April 01, 2016 to June 30, 2016 
40,000 
× 
3 
= 
1,20,000 
July 01, 2016 to March 31, 2017 
41,000 
× 
9 
= 
3,69,000 
Sum of Product 

4,89,000 



Page No 1.86:
Answer:
Interest on capital is calculated on the opening balance of partner’s capital.
Calculation of Capital balance at the beginning
Particulars 
Ram 
Mohan 
Capital at the end 
24,000 
18,000 
Less: Profit already credited (1:1) 
(8,000) 
(8,000) 
Add: Drawings already debited 
4,000 
6,000 
Capital at the beginning 
20,000 
16,000 



Page No 1.86:
Answer:
Calculation of Interest on Y’s Capital
Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Y’s Capital balance as on March 31, 2017 
40,000 
Less: Profit adjusted in Y’s Capital 
(5,000) 
Add: Drawings 
15,000 
Capital Balance at the beginning (as on April 01, 2016) 
50,000 


Working Notes:
WN1: Profit adjusted in Y's Capital =
= Rs 5,000
Page No 1.86:
Answer:
Calculation of Capital at the beginning (as on April 01, 2014)
Particulars 
Long 
Short 
Capital at the end 
1,60,000 
1,40,000 
Less: Adjusted Profit (1,50,000 – 1,00,000) in 1:1 ratio 
(25,000) 
(25,000) 
Add: Adjusted Drawings 
 
50,000 
Capital in the beginning 
1,35,000 
1,65,000 



Page No 1.86:
Answer:
Calculation of Interest on Capital
Case (a)
Where there is no clean agreement except for interest on capitals
Profit for the year ended = Rs 1,500
Total amount of interest = Rs 1,800
Here, total amount of interest on capital is more than the profit available for distribution. Therefore, profit of Rs 1,500 is distributed between X and Y in the ratio of their interest on capital.
Particulars 
X 
: 
Y 
Interest on Capital 
1,200 
: 
600 
or, Ratio of interest on Capital 
2 
: 
1 
Case (b)
In case, there is a clear agreement that the interest on capital will be allowed even if the firm has incurred loss, then the whole amount of interest on capital is to be allowed to the partners.
Total Profit of the firm = Rs 1,500
Total amount of Interest on Capital = Rs 1,800 (i.e. Rs 1,200 + Rs 600). Therefore, loss to the firm amounts to Rs 300. This loss is to shared by X and Y in their profit sharing ratio that is 2 : 3.
Page No 1.86:
Answer:
Calculation of Interest on A’s Capital
Date 
Capital 
× 
Period 
= 
Product 
April 01, 2016 to Sept. 30, 2016 
15,00,000 
× 
6 
= 
90,00,000 
Oct. 01, 2016 to March 31, 2017 
12,00,000 
× 
6 
= 
72,00,000 
Sum of Product 

1,62,00,000 



Calculation of Interest on B’s Capital
Date 
Capital 
× 
Period 
= 
Product 
April 01, 2016 to Sept. 30, 2016 
9,00,000 
× 
6 
= 
54,00,000 
Oct. 01, 2016 to March 31, 2017 
12,00,000 
× 
6 
= 
72,00,000 
Sum of Product 

1,26,00,000 



Page No 1.87:
Answer:
Case 1: If Capitals are fixed:
Calculation of Interest on Capital
$\begin{array}{l}\text{InterestonCapital}\\ \text{X}=\frac{6,00,000\times 6\times 1}{100\times 12}+\frac{7,20,000\times 6\times 5}{100\times 12}+\frac{4,80,000\times 6\times 6}{100\times 12}=\text{Rs35,400}\\ \text{Y}=\frac{3,60,000\times 6\times 1}{100\times 12}+\frac{3,00,000\times 6\times 5}{100\times 12}+\frac{6,00,000\times 6\times 6}{100\times 12}=\text{Rs27,300}\end{array}$
Working Notes:
WN1: Calculation of Opening Capital:
Particulars 
X 
Y 
Capital at the end 
4,80,000 
6,00,000 
Add: Drawings out of capital 
2,40,000 
60,000 
Less: Fresh capital introduced 
1,20,000 
3,00,000 
Capital at the beginning 
6,00,000 
3,60,000 
Case2: If Capitals are Fluctuating:
Calculation of Interest on Capital
$\begin{array}{l}\text{InterestonCapital}\\ \text{X}=\frac{5,76,000\times 6\times 1}{100\times 12}+\frac{6,96,000\times 6\times 5}{100\times 12}+\frac{4,56,000\times 6\times 6}{100\times 12}=\text{Rs33,960}\\ \text{Y}=\frac{3,24,000\times 6\times 1}{100\times 12}+\frac{2,64,000\times 6\times 5}{100\times 12}+\frac{5,64,000\times 6\times 6}{100\times 12}=\text{Rs25,140}\end{array}$
Working Notes:
WN1: Calculation of Opening Capital:
Particulars 
X 
Y 
Capital at the end 
4,80,000 
6,00,000 
Add: Drawings out of capital 
2,40,000 
60,000 
Add: Drawings out of profit 
1,20,000 
60,000 
Less: Fresh capital introduced 
1,20,000 
3,00,000 
Less: Profit already credited 
1,44,000 
96,000 
Capital at the beginning 
5,76,000 
3,24,000 
Page No 1.87:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended 20152016 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on Capital: 

Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit) 
80,000 

C 
6,000 




D 
3,600 
9,600 



Salary to D (3000 × 12) 
36,000 



Profit transferred to : 




C’s Capital A/c 
17,200 




D’s Capital A/c 
17,200 
34,400 




80,000 

80,000 





Working Notes:
WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Capital
$\mathrm{Interest}\mathrm{on}\mathrm{C}\text{'}\mathrm{s}\mathrm{Capital}=1,00,000\times \frac{6}{100}=6,000\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\mathrm{Interest}\mathrm{on}\mathrm{D}\text{'}\mathrm{s}\mathrm{Capital}=60,000\times \frac{6}{100}=3,600$
WN 2 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner
Profit available for distribution = 80,000 − 9,600 − 36,000 = Rs 34,400
$\mathrm{Profit}\mathrm{share}\mathrm{of}\mathrm{C}\mathrm{and}\mathrm{D}\mathrm{each}=34,400\times \frac{1}{2}=17,200$
Total amount received by C = Interest on Capital + Profit Share = 6,000 + 17,200 = Rs 23,200
Total amount received by D = Interest on Capital + Salary + Profit Share = 3,600 + 36,000 + 17,200 = Rs 56,800
Note: There is some misprint in the question in the figure of salary entitled to D. In place of 300 per month, it should be 3,000 per month. To match the answer with the book, it is required to make corresponding changes.
Page No 1.87:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on Capital: 

Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit) 
2,16,000 

Amit 
20,000 

Interest on Drawings A/c: 


Vijay 
15,000 
35,000 
Amit 
2,200 

Salary to: 

Vijay 
2,500 
4,700 

Amit (2,000 × 12) 
24,000 




Vijay (3,000 × 12) 
36,000 
60,000 



Profit transferred to: 




Amit’s Capital A/c 
75,420 




Vijay’s Capital A/c 
50,280 
1,25,700 




2,20,700 

2,20,700 





Working Notes:
WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Capital
WN 2 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner
Page No 1.87:
Answer:
Partners’ Capital Accounts 

Dr. 
Cr. 

Particulars 
Sohan 
Mohan 
Particulars 
Sohan 
Mohan 

Drawings A/c 
50,000 
30,000 
Balance b/d 
4,00,000 
3,00,000 

Interest on Drawings A/c 
1,250 
750 
Interest on Capital A/c 
20,000 
15,000 




P&L Appropriation A/c 
60,000 
50,000 

Balance c/d 
4,69,750 
3,37,250 
Partners’ Salary 
36,000 
 




Commission 
5,000 
3,000 


5,21,000 
3,68,000 

5,21,000 
3,68,000 







Working Note:
Calculation of Interest on Capital
Page No 1.87:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Account 

Dr. 


Cr. 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Interest on Kajal’s loan@ 6% p.a. 
1,800 
Profit 
70,260 
Profit transferred to P/L Appropriation A/c 
68,460 







70,260 

70,260 




Profit and Loss Appropriation Account 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on Capital A/c: 

Profit and Loss A/c 
68,460 

Sajal 
2,500 




Kajal 
2,000 
4,500 
Interest on Drawings A/c: 




Sajal 
300 


Reserve 
6,450 
Kajal 
240 
540 

Profit transferred to: 




Sajal’s Capital A/c 
38,700 




Kajal’s Capital A/c 
19,350 
58,050 




69,000 

69,000 





Partners’ Capital Accounts 

Dr. 
Cr. 

Particulars 
Sajal 
Kajal 
Particulars 
Sajal 
Kajal 

Drawings A/c 
10,000 
8,000 
Balance b/d 
50,000 
40,000 

Interest on Drawings A/c 
300 
240 
Interest on Capital A/c 
2,500 
2,000 




P&L Appropriation A/c 
38,700 
19,350 

Balance c/d 
80,900 
53,110 





91,200 
61,350 

91,200 
61,350 







Working Notes:
WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Capital
WN 2 Calculation of Interest on Drawings
WN 3 Calculation of Amount to be transferred to Reserve
Amount for Reserve = 10% of Divisible Profit
Divisible Profit = Profit + Interest on Drawings − Interest on Capital
= 68,460 + 540 − 4,500 = Rs 64,500
WN 4 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner
Profit available for Distribution = 68,460 + 540 − 4,500 − 6,450 = Rs 58,050
Profit sharing ratio = 2 : 1
Page No 1.87:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year March 31, 2017 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Salary to B 
12,000 
Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit) 
35,000 

Interest on Capital: 

Interest on Drawings A/c: 


A 
6,000 

A 
150 


B 
4,500 
10,500 
B 
210 
360 

Profit transferred to: 




A’s Capital A/c 
7,716 




B’s Capital A/c 
5,144 
12,860 




35,360 

35,360 





Partners’ Capital Accounts 

Dr. 




Cr. 
Particulars 
A 
B 
Particulars 
A 
B 
Drawings A/c 
9,000 
18,000 
Balance b/d 
60,000 
45,000 
Interest on Drawings A/c 
150 
210 
Interest Capital A/c 
6,000 
4,500 



Salary A/c 
 
12,000 
Balance c/d 
64,566 
48,434 
P&L Appropriation A/c 
7,716 
5,144 

73,716 
66,644 

73,716 
66,644 






Working Notes:
WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Capital
WN 2 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner
Profit available for Distribution = 35,000 + 360 − 12,000 − 10,500 = Rs 12, 860
Page No 1.88:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended March 31, 2016 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on Capital: 

Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit) 
50,000 

A 
3,000 



B 
1,800 
4,800 


B’s Salary (500 × 12) 
6,000 



Partner’s Commission 




A 
6,000 



B 
1,581 
7,581 


Profit transferred to: 




A’s Capital A/c 
23,714 



B’s Capital A/c 
7,905 
31,619 



50,000 

50,000 





Partners’ Capital Accounts 

Dr. 




Cr. 
Particulars 
A 
B 
Particulars 
A 
B 
Drawings A/c 
8,000 
6,000 
Balance b/d 
50,000 
30,000 



Interest on Capital A/c 
3,000 
1,800 



Commission A/c 
6,000 
1,581 



Salary A/c 

6,000 
Balance c/d 
74,714 
41,286 
P/L Appropriation A/c 
23,714 
7,905 

82,714 
47,286 

82,714 
47,286 






Working Notes:
WN 1 Calculation of Interest on Capital
WN 2 Calculation of Commission to Partners
Commission to B = 5% on Profits after all Expense including such Commission
Profits after all expense = 50,000 − 4,800 − 6,000 − 6,000 = Rs 33,200
WN 3 Calculation of Profit Share of each Partner
Profit available for Distribution = 50,000 − 4,800 − 6,000 −7,581 = Rs 31,619
Profit sharing ratio = 3 : 1
Page No 1.88:
Answer:
Profit and Loss Appropriation Account 

Dr. 


Cr. 

Particulars 
Amount Rs 
Particulars 
Amount Rs 

Interest on Capital: 

Profit and Loss A/c (Net Profit) 
1,72,000 

A 
5,000 



B 
5,000 



C 
10,000 
20,000 


Salary to C 

12,000 


Profit transferred to: 




A’s Current A/c 
50,000 



B’s Current A/c 
44,000 



C’s Current A/c 
46,000 
1,40,000 



1,72,000 

1,72,000 







Date 
Particulars 

L.F. 
Debit Amount Rs 
Credit Amount Rs 







Interest on Capital A/c 
Dr. 

20,000 


To A’s Current A/c 

