Board Paper of Class 12-Commerce 2014 Accountancy Delhi(SET 3) - Solutions
1) This question paper contains two parts A and B.
2) Part A is compulsory for all.
3) Part B has two options-Financial statement Analysis and Computerised Accounting.
4) Attempt only one option of Part B.
5) All parts of a question should be attempted at one place.
i. This section consists of 18 questions.
ii. All the questions are compulsory.
iii. Question Nos. 1 to 7 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each.
iv. Question Nos. 8 to 10 carry 3 marks each.
v. Question Nos. 11 to 14 carry 4 marks each.
vi. Question Nos. 15 and 16 carry 6 marks each.
vii. Question Nos. 17 and 18 carry 8 marks each.
i. This section consists of 7 questions.
ii. All questions are compulsory
iii. Question Nos. 19 to 21 are very short-answer questions carrying 1 mark each.
iv. Question No. 22 carries 3 marks.
v. Question Nos. 23 and 24 carry 4 marks.
vi. Question No. 25 carries 6 marks.
- Question 1
Give the meaning of 'Debenture'. VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 2
Why heirs of a retiring/deceased partner are entitled to a share of goodwill of the firm? VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 3
Distinguish between 'Dissolution of Partnership' and Dissolution of Partnership Firm' on the basis of closure of books. VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 4
X, Y and Z are partners sharing profits in the ratio of and . Find the new ratio of remaining partners if Z retires.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 5
Give any one purpose for which the amount received as 'Securities Premium' may be utilised. VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 6
What is meant by 'Reconstitution of a Partnership Firm' ? VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 7
What is the maximum amount of discount at which forfeited shares can be re-issued ? VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 8
Saloni and Shrishti were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 7 : 3. Their capitals were Rs 2,00,000 and Rs 1,50,000 respectively. They admitted Aditi on 1st April, 2013 as a new partner for share in future profits. Aditi brought Rs 1,00,000 as her capital. Calculate the value of goodwill of the firm and record necessary journal entries for the above transaction on Aditi's admission.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 9
BG. Ltd. issued 2,000, 12% debentures of Rs 100 each on 1st April 2012. The issue was fully subscribed. According to the terms of issue, interest on the debentures is payable half-yearly on 30th September and 31st March and the tax deducted at source is 10%. Pass necessary journal entries related to the debenture interest for the half-yearly ending 31st March, 2013 and transfer of interest on debentures of the year to the Statement of Profit & Loss.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 10
Pass necessary journal entries in the following cases :VIEW SOLUTION
(i) Kay Ltd. converted 3,000, 12% debentures of Rs 100 each issued at a premium of 10% into equity shares of Rs 100 each issued at a premium of 25%.
(ii) Jay Ltd. redeemed 1,500, 12% debentures of Rs 1,000 each issued at a discount of 10% by converting them into equity shares of Rs 50 each issued at par.
- Question 11
Virad, Vishad and Roma were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2 respectively. On March 31, 2013, their Balance Sheet was as under:
Balance Sheet of Virad, Vishad and Roma as on March 31, 2013
Virad died on October 1, 2013. It was agreed between his executors and the remaining partner's that:
(a) Goodwill of the firm be valued at years purchase of average profits for the last three years. The average profits were Rs 1,50,000.
(b) Interest on capital be provided at 10% p.a.
(c) Profit for the year 2013−14 be taken as having accrued at the same rate as that of the previous year which was Rs 1,50,000.
Prepare Virad's Capital Account to be presented to his Executors as on October 1, 2013.
- Question 12
Pass necessary journal entries for the following transactions in the books of Rajan Ltd :VIEW SOLUTION
(a) Rajan Ltd. purchased machinery of Rs 7,20,000 from Kundan Ltd. The payment was made to Kundan Ltd. by issue of equity shares of Rs 100 each at 10% discount.
(b) Rajan Ltd purchased a running business from Vikas Ltd. for a sum of Rs 2,50,000 payable as Rs 2,20,000 in fully paid equity shares of Rs 10 each and balance by a bank draft. The assets and liabilities consisted of the following :
Plant & Machinery Rs 90,000; Building Rs 90,000; Sundry Debtors Rs 30,000; Stock Rs 50,000; Cash Rs 20,000; Sundry Creditors Rs 20,000.
- Question 13
Satnam and Qureshi after doing their MBA decided to start a partnership firm to manufacture ISI marked electronic goods for economically weaker section of the society. Satnam also expressed his willingness to admit Juliee as partner without capital who is specially abled but a very creative and intelligent friend of him. Qureshi agreed to this. They formed a partnership on 1st April 2012 on the following terms :VIEW SOLUTION
(i) Satnam will contribute Rs 4,00,000 and Qureshi will contribute Rs 2,00,000 as capitals.
(ii) Satnam, Qureshi and Juliee will share profits in the ratio of 2 : 2 : 1.
(iii) Interest on capital will be allowed @ 6% p.a.
Due to shortage of capital Satnam contributed Rs 50,000 on 30th September, 2012 and Qureshi contributed Rs 20,000 on 1st January, 2013 as additional capitals. The profit of the firm for the year ended 31st March, 2013 was Rs 3,37,800.
(a) Identify any two values which the firm wants to communicate to the society.
(b) Prepare Profit & Loss Appropriation Account for the year ending 31st March, 2013.
- Question 14
On 1st April, 2012, Mayank Ltd. was formed with an authorised capital of Rs 25,00,000 divided into 50,000 equity shares of Rs 50 each. The company issued prospectus inviting applications for 45,000 shares. The issue price was payable as under :VIEW SOLUTION
On Application: Rs 15
On Allotment : Rs 20
On Call : Balance amount
The issue was fully subscribed and the company allotted shares to all the applicants. The company did not make the call during the year.
Show the following:
(a) Share capital in the Balance Sheet of the company as per revised Schedule-VI, Part-I of the Companies Act, 1956.
(b) Also prepare 'Notes to Accounts' for the same.
- Question 15
Amar, Karan and Varun were partners in a firm manufacturing garments. They were sharing profits in the ratio of 5 : 3 : 2. On 1st April, 2012 their capitals were Rs 3,00,000, Rs 4,00,000 and Rs 5,00,000 respectively. After the flood in Uttaranchal, all partners decide to personally help the flood victims. For this Amar withdrew Rs 30,000 from the firm on 1st September, 2012, Karan instead of withdrawing cash from the firm took garments amounting to Rs 36,000 from the firm and distributed to the flood victims. On the other hand, Varun withdrew Rs 1,50,000 from his capital on 1st January, 2013 and started a school to provide elementary education in the flood affected area.VIEW SOLUTION
The partnership deep provides for charging interest on drawings @ 6% p.a. After the Final Accounts were prepared, it was discovered that interest on drawings had not been charged.
Give the necessary adjusting journal entry and show the working notes clearly. Also state any two values that the partners wanted to communicate to the society.
- Question 16
Kumar and Gaurav were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of their capitals. On 31-3-2013 their Balance Sheet was as follows:
Balance Sheet of Kumar and Gaurav as on 31st Marck, 2013
Workman Compensation Fund
Jayant’s Current Account
Gaurav’s Current Account
On the above date the firm was dissolved:VIEW SOLUTION
(i) Kumar took over 50% of stock at 10% less than its book value. The remaining stock was sold for Rs 10,000.
(ii) Debtors were realized at a discount of 5%.
(iii) An unrecorded asset was sold for Rs 9,000 and machinery was sold for Rs 18,000.
(iv) Creditors were paid in full.
(v) There was an outstanding bill for repairs for amounting to Rs 14,000 which was settled at Rs 12,000.
Prepare Realisation Account.
- Question 17
Mohan and Mahesh were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3 : 2. On 1st April, 2012 they admitted Nusrat as a partner in the firm. The Balance Sheet of Mohan and Mahesh on that date was as under :
Balance Sheet of Mohan and Mahesh as on 1st April, 2012
Cash in hand
Workmen's Compensation Fund
It was agreed that:(i) The value of Building and Stock be appreciated to Rs 3,80,000 and Rs 1,60,000 respectively.
(ii)The liabilities of workmen's compensation fund was determined at Rs 2,30,000.
(iii) Nusrat brought in her share of goodwill Rs 1,00,000 in cash.
(iv) Nusrat was to bring further cash as would make her capital equal to 20% of the combined capital of Mohan and Mahesh after above revaluation and adjustments are carried out.
(v) The future profit sharing ratio will be Mohan , Mahesh , Nusrat .
Prepare Revaluation Account, Partner's Capital Accounts and Balance Sheet of the new firm. Also show clearly the calculation of Capital brough by Nusrat.
Kushal Kumar and Kavita were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3 : 1 : 1.
On 1st April, 2012 their Balance Sheet was as follows :
Balance Sheet of Kushal, Kumar and Kavita as on 1st April, 2012
On the above date Kavita retired and the following was agreed :(i) Goodwill of the firm was valued at Rs 40,000.
(ii) Land was to be appreciated by 30% and building was to be depreciated by Rs 1,00,000.
(iii) Value of furniture was to be reduced by Rs 20,000.
(iv) Bad debts reserve is to be increased to Rs 15,000.
(v) 10% of the amount payable to Kavita was paid in cash and the balance was transferred to her Loan Account.
(vi) Capitals of Kushal and Kumar will be in proportion to their new profit sharing ratio. The surplus/deficit, if any in their Capital Accounts will be adjusted through Current Accounts.
Prepare Revaluation Account, Partner's Capital Accounts and Balance Sheet of Kushal and Kumar after Kavita's retirement.
- Question 18
XYZ Ltd. invited applications for 40,000 equity shares of Rs 100 each at a discount of 6%. The amount was payable as follows:
On Application and Allotment − Rs 90 per share
On First and Final call − the balance amount.
Application for 60,000 shares were received. Applications for 10,000 shares were rejected and shares were allotted on pro-rata basis to remaining applicants. Excess application money received on application and allotment was adjusted towards sums due on first and final call. The calls were made. A shareholder, who applied for 50 share, failed to pay the first and final call money. His shares were forfeited. All the forfeited shares were re-issued at Rs 97 per share fully paid up.
Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of XYZ Ltd.
AB Ltd. invited applications for issuing 75,000 equity shares of Rs 100 each at a premium of Rs 30 per share. The amount way payable as follows:
On Application and Allotment − Rs 85 per share (including premium)
On First and Final call − the balance Amount
Applications for 1,27,500 shares were received. Applications for 27,500 shares were rejected and share were allotted on pro-rata basis to the remaining applicants. Excess money received on application and allotment was adjusted towards sums due to first and final call. The calls were made. A shareholder, who applied for 1,000 shares, failed to pay the first and final call money. His shares were forfeited. All the forfeited shares were reissued at Rs 150 per share fully paid up.
Pass necessary journal entries for the above transactions in the books of AB Ltd.
- Question 19
State the objective of preparing 'Cash Flow Statement'. VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 20
State any one limitation of 'Analysis of Financial Statements'. VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 21
What is meant by 'Cash Equivalents' while preparing Cash Flow Statement? VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 22
Under which major sub-headings the following items will be placed in the Balance Sheet of a company as per revised Schedule-VI, Part-I of the Companies Act, 1956:
(i) Accrued Incomes
(ii) Loose Tools
(iii) Provision for employees benefits
(iv) Unpaid dividend
(v) Short-term loans
(vi) Long-term loans. VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 23
From the following 'Statement of Profit & Loss' for the year ended 31st March, 2013, prepare a 'Comparative Statement of Profit & Loss' of Better Sales Ltd.
Particulars Note No. 2012-2013
Revenue from operations
Rate of income tax was 50%.VIEW SOLUTION
- Question 24
(a) From the following information, compute Debt-Equity Ratio:
Rs Long term Borrowings 8,00,000 Long term Provisions 4,00,000 Current Liabilities 2,00,000 Non-current-Assets 14,40,000 Current-Assets 3,60,000
(b) The Quick Ratio of Z Ltd. is 1 : 1. State with reason which of the following transactions would (i) increase; (ii) decrease or (iii) not change the ratio :VIEW SOLUTION
(1) Included in the trade payables was a Bills payable of Rs 3,000 which was met on maturity.
(2) Debentures of Rs 50,000 were converted into Equity shares.
- Question 25
Prepare a Cash Flow Statement on the basis of the information given in the Balance Sheets of Liva Ltd. as at 31-3-2013 and 31-3-2012 :
I. Equity and Liabilities
(1) Shareholders Funds
(a) Share Capital
(b) Reserves & Surplus
(2) Non-current Liabilities
(a) Long term-borrowings
(3) Current Liabilities
(a) Trade Payables
(1) Non-current Assets
(a) Fixed Assets
(i) Tangible Assets
(b) Non-current Investments
(2) Current Assets
(a) Current-Investments (marketable)
(c) Trade Receivables
(d) Cash and Cash-equivalents
Notes to Accounts :
Note − 1
Reserves and Surplus
Surplus (balance in statement of profit and loss)